Dyslexia is the inability to comprehend the relation between words, spellings and sounds. These are the primary symptoms that can be noticed in a child at an early age and it is important to understand that no two dyslexic children display exactly the same symptoms. The real problem is coordinated comprehension and various children manifest this problem in a variety of ways.
There are various difficulties that dyslexic children face and there are obviously certain common ones. While studying the enlistment of difficulties that these children face, one should always remember that a certain dyslexic kid will not necessarily show each of these symptoms. So when parents or teachers notice that the child is showing any one of the following symptoms, they should immediately take the child for a medical assessment.
Ability and Achievement Vary
Have a quick look at the difficulties which dyslexic children come across.
Differences between Ability and Achievement
The child may show extensive potential but there will be a marked variation between what the child achieves and his actual ability. This can be elaborated in this way. Often you come across a kid who appears to be smart when you are talking or discussing things with him. Then you will notice that the kid is finding it extremely hard to read or spell words. They find it very hard to deal with numbers too. So their ability to understand things is not really reflected in their grade sheets as a student.
Children are Good in Creativity But Academics
On the other hand, it has been observed that dyslexic kids are particular easy with subjects in the creative field. They are noticed to enjoy their drama, drawing and art classes. Even the physical coordination classes like model making, swimming, work outs and sports are far more interesting to them compared to the regular school assignments.
Lack of Interest in Studies
Dyslexia is not merely a behavioural problem. Since the lack of interest or abilities actually evolve from an abnormality in the brain, it is important that these children are treated as special cases but allowed to interact with the other normal kids so that their self esteem is not threatened and they are able to enjoy life just like other kids.
Difficulty in Dealing with Text and Numbers
The fault lies with the neural links in their brain and therefore they find it difficult to deal with texts and numbers. But on the other hand it is also true that they can readily understand the relationship between letters and numbers with the aid of a little additional support. After all they are not mentally challenged and they have absolutely no difficulty in understanding. It is just that their coordination abilities are slack.
Difficulty in Spelling Words
The other noticeable difficulty is with regard to spelling. One can easily notice this when the kid finds it difficult to spell short and simple words. They can be words like: ‘any’, ‘many’, ‘they’ and ‘said’. They are also prone to spell words in a way if we go to spell them just in accordance with the rational pronunciation. For example, they are likely to spell “does” as “dus”, “please” as “pleez”, or “search” as “serch”. They do it because they do not really understand why should there be any difference in the manner that these words are pronounced and the way they are written.
Another difficulty noticed in a dyslexic child is that they are prone to spell the letters and numbers backwards. They do it without being really aware of it. For instance they are confused with the letters ‘b’ and ‘d’and the number ‘9’ and ‘p’. this confusion is caused as these letters have the same mirror image.
Other Common Difficulties
- They are not very sure about the left and right directions. They easily mix it up.
- These children find it very tough to solve numerical problems. This is because they find it difficult to understand sequencing and ordering.
- They also cannot organise themselves readily or in a smooth fashion. Often they are so disjointed in their behavior and presentation that it appears that they will never be able to pull themselves up.
- They find it extremely hard to follow instructions. When they are asked to follow a 2-3 step problem solving method, they are just unable to comprehend it.
However, if proper teaching methods are applied while teaching a dyslexic child, it is not difficult to treat this problem. There are lots of children who are doing fairly well with the implication of new methods and techniques of teaching dyslexic children.