Register | Login
Sign in with:
---------- OR ----------
Create Account | Login
Create account
As a Member You Can:
  • Join clubs to discuss your interests
  • Connect with people like you
  • Share information, seek advice, get support

in Mumbai (change city)
Select City
  • All
  • Delhi
  • New Delhi
  • Gurgaon
  • Noida
  • Mumbai
  • Pune
  • Banglore
  • Hyderabad
  • Ghaziabad
  • Chandigarh
  • Ahmedabad
  • Kolkata
  • Chennai
  • Coimbatore
  • Jaipur
select‌ stage
Genetic Testing Topics..

You are here : home > Genetic Testing > Testing for Genetic Disorders > Prenatal Testing for Chromosomal Diseases

Prenatal Testing for Chromosomal Diseases

Prenatal Testing for Chromosomal Diseases

Chromosomal diseases can be totally prevented by prenatal testing. Prenatal testing or genetic testing can provide information regarding the genetic makeup of the unborn child. Read on to know more about prenatal testing for chromosomal diseases.

Chromosomal diseases have terrific potential to render an adverse impact on the lives of the affected individuals and their families. They make the living of normal life near to impossible and therefore it is extremely essential that every attempt must be made to test the possibility of chromosomal diseases. Through prenatal testing it is possible to derive information regarding their possibility in the unborn child and whether the chromosomal disorder will be passed on from the carrier to their offspring.

Why is Prenatal Testing for Chromosomal Diseases so Important?

Amongst half of all the abortions occurring within the first trimester of a pregnancy, chromosomal disorder is responsible. The condition is medically termed as conceptus, where about 8% or one in thirteen chromosomes is abnormal. It has also been found that 6 to 11% of the still births and neonatal deaths that occur are caused by chromosomal disorder. Amongst the affected fetuses who manage a life in this world, are actually born with a major congenital defect; this accounts for 34%. By the time the babies are 7-8 years, about 4% amongst them are discovered with a chromosomal defect. Therefore in order to ascertain the normal and healthy life of the unborn baby it is always desirable to chromosomal disease screening during the prenatal tests.

Here is Why the Testing is Important and What the Diseases Mean

As said earlier even in live birth, chromosomal abnormality is possible. If the mother happens to be in the late years of her reproductive age, she develops a condition called maternal meiotic non disjunction. This is likely to result in autosomal trisomies, a chromosomal disease. Then there is a possibility of numerical sex chromosome abnormality which is a follow through of either non-disjunction from either the maternal or paternal side.


Trisomy is another condition attributed to maternal meiosis I. Although this is not directly related to the age of the mother but is has been observed that with an advanced age the fetal aneuploidy enhances along with the possibility of meiotic errors. This is why along with the prenatal testing for chromosomal abnormalities; doctors suggest karyotype analysis and/or genetic amniocentesis as a part of regular screening.

Sex Chromosome Abnormality

is another variant that is found to occur once is every 300-500 births. The condition is attributed to a chromosome error like 45, X; 47, XXY; 47, XXX; 47, XYY and is broadly known as mosaicism. This means that two or more cell populations of the individual have different karyotype. The root of this chromosome error can be both maternal and paternal and if the woman has a previous history of fetal XXX or XXY, prenatal testing is a must. A recurrent risk of another fetal trisomy can be effectively adjudged then.

Translocations and inversions are another type of chromosomal disorder. The reciprocal exchange of genetic material between two varieties of chromosomes that are nonhomologous is called translocation. In this process the arm of each chromosome breaks and the genetic material at the breakpoint gets exchanged. If the translocation is balanced no genetic material is lost or gained. But conditions characterized by infertility, early pregnancy loss happen when unbalanced gametes are formed even by a carrier of balanced translocation. A prenatal chromosomal testing can determine whether the fetus will develop as an aneuploid child due to this condition.

When the same chromosome breaks into two, inversions are caused. The segment between the break points gets inverted even before they get naturally repaired. This does not result in loss of genetic material but the gene sequence gets altered. This results in a potential chromosomal abnormality.

Save Edit
Sort by Newest


Back to Previous Page   |   More on Genetic Testing Index


Discussion Forum - Recent Posts
Can prenatal tests help to prevent chromosomal disease in children? How is prenatal testing for chromosomal disease done? Why is it important to do prenatal chromosomal test?
view more >>
Routine Tests
Need help regarding Progesterone
Hello. I am Tanaya, 29 of years weight 66kgs height 5'4" . I miscarried in ... - tanayadas    read >>

RE:Relevance of the Home Pregnancy Test
Hi all. Hope youre all are fine. There are some clinic's which can do their ... - safina    read >>

RE:celiac disease
Oh my god please do not feel bad but then this is for sure that your child ... - Anita    read >>

RE:celiac disease
Hello dear this is very rare to see but then you should always be careful i ... - Anaida    read >>

- Poor Immunity in Kids
- Five Fun Ways to Break Fussy Eating Habits in   Kids
- Top 5 Easy-to-Make Ice-Candy Recipes for Kids
- Tips for Preventing Pinworms in Children
- Signs that a Child is Anaemic
- Things You Should Never Allow Your Son to Do
- Home Remedies for Cold in Children
- Reasons Why Kids May Start Disrespecting   Parents
- Indian Baby Names
- Indian Baby Girl Names
- Indian Baby Boy Names
- Top 100 Hindu Baby Names
- Free Printable Coloring Pages for Kids and Adults


All tips on Testing For Genetic Disorders
You ever wanted in one place.
No need to go anywhere else. No spam.

*No spam only genuine emails
Follow us on:

Featured Articles - Infertility | Baby Development | Health and Fitness | How to Get Pregnant | Parenting Advice | Weight Loss | Pregnancy Advice | Name Numerology
Baby - Baby Photo Contest | Lucky Names | Lucky Birthdates | Horoscopes | Chinese Calendar | Compatibility Test | Fun Zone
Parenting - Message Boards | Planning a Baby | Pregnancy | Parents of Babies | Baby Names | Baby Name Poll | Birth Announcements | Parenting Quiz
Family - Cooking Club | Love & Relationships | Beauty Tips | Kids Weight Calculator | Recipe Maker
General - Calorie Counter | Personality Quiz | Love Signs | Compatibility Quiz