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You are here : home > Indian Culture > Indian Festivals and occassions > Saraswati Puja - Significance and How the Puja Is Performed

Signifance of Basant Panchami (Saraswati Puja)

Signifance of Basant Panchami (Saraswati Puja)

Saraswati Puja is observed on the fifth day of Magh month of the Hindu calendar which is known as Basant Panchmi. Find about the significance Saraswati Puja and rituals that are observed on this day to seek blessings of Goddess Saraswati.




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Saraswati Puja is one of the most important festivals of Hindus in the eastern region of India. It is performed of the occasion on Basant Panchami or VasantPanchami. Goddess Saraswati is the Goddess of learning, wisdom, music, arts, and science. The festival is held in Magh, the month of the Hindu calendar, which falls in January or February. It is celebrated by all, especially the youngsters who seek blessings for academic excellence and success from the Goddess.



Basant Panchami

The day of Saraswati Puja is observed as Vansant Panchami in different regions of India. This day is also known as Basant Panchami.  For example, in Punjab people observe this by wearing yellow clothes and having yellow rice. Not only Goddess Saraswati, but also other Gods and goddesses are worshipped by Hindus across India on this day. The main motive behind celebrating this festival is welcoming spring season which is known as VasantRutu or BasantRitu in India.

Spiritual Significance of Basant Panchami

Basant Panchami


Since the season depicts a new beginning, the spiritual significance indicates the end of the days of ignorance and the new beginning. Goddess Saraswati bestows knowledge that is required for spiritual enlightenment. Goddess Saraswati denotes serenity and calmness. Her four hands of the Goddess symbolize the mind, intellect, alertness, and ego. She rides a swan because as per Hindu mythology it has a peculiar talent of separating milk from water. So, it indicates that the man who worships Goddess Saraswati should possess the quality of discriminating bad from the good.



Basant Panchami


Saraswati Puja is performed to seek the blessings of Goddess Saraswati. She is believed to be the consort of Lord Brahma, who created the Universe with her knowledge. She sits on a swan and has a peacock on her side. She holds a Veena in her hands. Below mentioned are the ritual that should be followed while doing Saraswati Puja.

  • Place an idol or a photo of Goddess Saraswati in your Puja room. The idol should be placed facing west so that when you pray, you face towards east.

  • Place some of your important books along with the holy books Ramayana and Geeta by her side.

  • Light a Diya in front of the idol or photo of Goddess Saraswati.

  • Offer turmeric, Kumkum, fruits, sweets, rice grains, beetle leaves, flowers along with new cloth and sandalwood paste in front of the Goddess.

  • Mantras of Goddess Saraswati are recited before the idol or photo of Goddess and Arati is performed with dedication and devotion.

  • Students usually pray for success in exams and ultimately in life while professionals seek excellence and progress in life.

  • Food prepared during this day includes kheer (rice cooked in milk and sugar), curd rice, sugar cane, sugar candy and gingelly balls along with parched rice and paddy are offered to Goddess and then eaten by all the members of the family as Prasad.
Many people feed poor Brahmins, give books to poor students, feed them and provide them things needed for health and knowledge. People pray to holy Gods and Gurus for spiritual knowledge. You can also donate money or books to educational institutes, orphanages and spiritual institutes.

The origin of the Goddess has many stories attached to it. Some say she came out of the mouth of Lord Brahma while some say that she came out of the SamudraManthan. It does not matter what the story of origin is, the festival is celebrated with great fervour and gaiety in Bengal. Kite festival is associated with VasantPanchami and people spend the day flying kites and socializing as well. Praying to Goddess Saraswatieveryday and observing Saraswati Puja is said to reward a person with success and peace in life.


When is Saraswati Puja observed? How is Saraswati Puja done? What are the benefits of doing Saraswati Puja on the day of VasantPanchami? Discuss here.

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