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You are here Home > Beauty and Grooming > Articles

Plagued by dandruff Cheesed off by those dry white flakes that just keep dropping off your head providing you with your own mini snowfall in the midst of a sultry Indian summer You are not alone. In fact, research suggests that more people have dandruff than those who do not.

Here's what you can do to keep dandruff at bay so that you too can dare to wear black without having to furtively dust your shoulders every now and then. First, let us find out what causes this condition:


There are many theories regarding the cause of dandruff.

Dead skin
One theory suggests that dandruff is a natural process, and is caused by the flaking of the scalp. Just as the body sheds dead skin, so does the scalp. When this skin is shed at an excessive rate, it leads to dandruff.

Oily skin
It is a widely held belief that dandruff is caused by a dry scalp. However, this is not always the case, and dandruff is just as often caused by an oily scalp. The excessive oil forms a layer on the scalp, which dries, thickens and flakes off in the form of dandruff.

If you exercise regularly, you perspire more, which could also lead to dandruff, especially if you do not shampoo as often as you should.

Certain forms of dandruff are also believed to be caused by a fungus on the scalp. It is believed that this fungus cannot be removed completely. Thus, dandruff too cannot be completely eradicated, only controlled.

Other factors include:

  • Cold weather
  • Use of hair sprays and gels
  • Certain conditioners
  • Improper shampoo rinsing
  • Infrequent hair washes
  • Diet
  • Stress
  • Hormones
Don't ignore the dandruff, because ignoring it only leads to more build-up. This causes itchiness, which leads to you scratching your hair. Vigorous scratching can cause wounds to the scalp, leaving them vulnerable to infection.


If you have mild dandruff, you could try increasing the frequency of your hair washes. The rule of thumb is the more frequently you shampoo, the less dandruff you will have. If necessary, shampoo daily with a mild shampoo, to keep dandruff in check.

If your hair is dry but your scalp is oily, you may be hesitant to shampoo more often. Try this: wet your entire hair, but apply shampoo essentially to your scalp. Let the shampoo lightly run over your entire hair when you are rinsing it off your scalp, giving your locks a gentle wash.

If mild shampoos don't work, and if your dandruff is severe, use a medicated anti-dandruff shampoo which contains selenium sulfide to wash your hair. Use it sparingly, as anti-dandruff shampoos tend to be strong. After applying it, leave it on for at least five minutes before washing it off, to give the formula time to work.

After applying shampoo, massage your scalp lightly with your fingertips to loosen the scales.

The shampoo could be used on its own, or mixed with your regular shampoo. You could also alternate an anti-dandruff shampoo with your regular shampoo. Once the dandruff has gone, switch to your regular shampoo.

Help from your kitchen shelf

White vinegar is an excellent remedy for dandruff. Mix one cup of white vinegar with one cup of water, and pour this over your scalp after your hair wash, as a final rinse.

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Name: Penny
City:   London, England
Comments:   Hi Sabrina You can tell me your problem either on here or email me.If you want my email please reply. Thanks Penny
Name: shilpa
City:   USA
Comments:   hi, u can apply olive oil for maximum 30 minutes before washing ur hairs and see the magic. Dandruff will be gone Do this regularly and ur problem of dandruff will be gone
City:   Banglore
Comments:   i would like to know that if i apply vinegar on my hair, how long should i leave it, should i apply oil before applying it will it cause any hairfall how many times in a week should i apply .... plssss help me with this
Name: poonam
City:   mumbai
Comments:   i would like to know more tips how can i get out off dandruff problem
Name: simran
City:   mumbai
Comments:   selsun shampoo is good for dandruff. use it on ur scalp, then again wash ur hair with mild shampoo.
Name: Akriti
City:   hyderabad
Comments:   Molly it is saying in article that apply vinegar as a final rinse whcih means u dont have to leave it on for so much time or anything. after washing hair u pour vinegar mixed with water on your head and leave it. it will dry up. i tried it is very good.
Name: alina
City:   kuala lumpur
Comments:   i am having dandruff for years.i have tried selsun but it is not i am using lemon to wash my is effective for few days but after that it is normal.the dandruff getting worst until it spread to my eyebrow.plz give me some advice to solve this problem.thanks a lot
City:   NJ
Name: Snigdha
City:   Mumbai
Comments:   Shilpa , Does olive oil really work also tell me if you put vinegar mixed with water and then leave it your hair to dry , doesn't your hair become rough or frizzy?
Name: Ooi
City:   Kuala Lumpur
Comments:   Shilpa, how to apply the olive oil pour it on your scalp wont the oil make the dandruff worse
Name: geeta
City:   Mumbai
Comments:   IS Petalca Shampoo available in any other citites besides Mumbai
Name: Vinayak
City:   Ottawa
Comments:   Best way to "control" dandruff is by doing the following: 1) Little coconut oil mixed with Lemon juice 2) Heat it little bit. 3) Apply this mixture in the hair scalp and take bath. Feel the wonder within days and forget the thunder that you had on your head.
Name: ruchika chhabra
City:   Mumbai
Comments:   u can even try this remedy... pour one teaspoon of lemon juice in a paste of neem leaves. leave it for 1/2 hr. and wash it with your preferred shampoo. it works!!!
Name: katrina
City:   m.
Comments:   hey im gonna try alot of thease ideas u people listed but if u guys wanna realyl help me cuz i have dandruff really really bad! so u can e-mail me plezz .
Name: Joice
City:   Dubai
Comments:   U can try the Phytosylic shampoo which is available in pharmacies,believe me it is gr8 for curing dandruff.
Name: sheryl pereira
City:   panjim
Comments:   dey r very helpful tips.i have oily sclap wit fine dandruff.every alternate day i have headbath coz my hair looks greasy so now my hair is become scanty had thick hair.shapmoo i use is himalay anti dandruff for oily n sumtimes fruties shapm.i want my thick growth back cud u plz help me and mail me.i wud be very greartful.thank u
Name: shae
City:   okinawa
Comments:   My daughter had dandruff and it didn't matter which medicated shampoo I used because it would come back a few days later. A old remedy for a friend in Mexico. Take a couple of tbs of sugar. Add water to make a dry past. Part the hair and rub the sugar in between the scalp. The sugar helps to lift the dead skin caused of dandruff and also stimulate the hair. Wash your hair with your regular shampoo. I used this method on my daughter twice and she has not had dandruff since.
Name: vijay
City:   bangalore
Comments:   Itchy scalp Aggravation of Pitta dosha, stress, allergic reaction to shampoo, air conditioning, pollution and central heating lead to an itchy and red scalp, with tiny pimples or sores, dull and dry hair. Remedies Add 1 teaspoon of camphor to half a cup of coconut oil and store it in gl container. Dosage: Mage this oil into the scalp before bed. 1. Mix two tablespoons of cosmetic vinegar and six tablespoons of hot water. Dab with cotton into the scalp, parting the hair with a comb apply all over the scalp. Preferably it should be used at bed time. Tie a scarf over the hair to avoid staining the pillow. Next morning wash the hair with shampoo. After the hair is thoroughly cleansed pour over as a last rinse a mixture of three tablespoons of cosmetic vinegar and one cup of hot water. Then dry the hair thoroughly. This should be done twice a week for three months. 2. Hot oil therapy is another method to cure dandruff. Mage hot oil into the scalp at bedtime. Next morning an hour before bath, rub lemon juice mixed with cosmetic vinegar (mix 1:2 ratio) into the scalp. Give the hair a good wash and egg shampoo. 3. Give your hair a hot steam bath. Mage hot oil with a hot damp towel and leave it on the head like a turban so that the steam can fight dandruff. You may use two towels for this purpose. 4. Here is another beauty tip for your hair. After giving your hair a good wash, boil five teaspoons of dried used tea leaves in lime water and use it as a last rinse after shampoo. This gives the hair a lustrous shine and provides nourishment too. 5. Make an infusion of 1 ounce each of fresh or dried rosemary and sage in 2 cups of water. Let steep for 24 hours, then use daily as a hair rinse. 6. Boil 5 heaping Tbsp dried thyme in 2 cups water for 10 minutes. Strain and cool. Pour 1/2 mixture over clean, damp hair. Mage into scalp, do not rinse. Use second half of solution another day. 7. Instead of shampooing, mage handfuls of baking soda into the hair and scalp to absorb oil and to loosen dead skin on scalp. Rinse thoroughly, use no other shampoos. While initially the hair may seem dry, after several weeks, dandruff will be gone and hair will be smooth and shiny. 8. Mint Rinse Boil: 1 cup water 1 cup apple cider vinegar 1 handful of fresh mint leaves Strain and pour into a container. With fingertips, mage solution into the scalp, let dry without rinsing out. 9. Use the hot oil treatment recipe given on this page. 10. Soothing Herbal Hair Rinse Combine equal parts of dried rosemary, comfrey, witch hazel leaves and nettles to make about 1/2 cup. Add to 2 cups of water in a covered pot. Bring to a boil. Remove from heat and let steep overnight. Strain. Shampoo and rinse hair then use herb tea for a final rinse to relieve itchy, flaky scalp.
Name: priya
City:   Yangon
Comments:   hi, I use the anti-dandruff shampoo but when i use, my hair falls very much so that please tell me another way.
Name: shiva prasad.
City:   visakhapatnam
Comments:   i am having very rough hair,and slight curly.but i like little bit bit straight&smooth possibly.and i am very eager to make me in different hair styles,so please allow me to get that,&i am waiting for your great suggestions,&also which shampoo can i use for common shampooing...plz. tell me.
Name: litchi
City:   delhi
Comments:   i want my hair to be silky so what should i do for that
Name: abeer
City:   uae
Comments:   PLZ let me know iheard vinegar makes ur hair to grey faster is it truemail me plz
Name: pauline
City:   Lodon
Comments:   Hi, It is regarding vineger rinse. If i use vineger as a final rinse. will it be very smelly, i mean the vinegar. Vinegar gives strong smell. Doen't it? As I am working house women is it good to use vinegar. Thanks, Pauline
Name: Neha
City:   US
Comments:   You can also take Besan and mix it with Yogurt/Curd and put in a tablespoon of Lemon juice in it. It will then become a paste. Mix it well so it is smooth like paste and apply that in the scalp of your hair and it would work wonders!! Leave it for 30mins minimum and then use your regular shampoo and conditioner to wash your hair. Try this for atleast 2 months and see the results !
City:   NY, USA
Comments:   hi...i am having serious dandruff problems....i just want to know if i need to shampoo after pouring the vinegar on my head....please help me..........
Name: Munira
City:   New Jersey
Comments:   I have a beady-like dandruff. They're ussually attached to my hair follicles when my hair falls. They are not flaky at all. They are like little insect eggs. All over my head. I've tried everything and nothing helps. One time I colored my hair black (from brown) and those beady-dandruff turned black and almost every hair-root had one of those "eggies". My hair always itches and I can get rid of them. They come in differnt sizes.
Name: mahrooq
City:   hyderabad
Comments:   hi.....ihave severe hair fall as well as severe dandruff.pls give some v fast relief home remedy which cures my problem as well as retain my hair to normal.As my hairs r v dry n damaged.pls reply as soon as possible. thank you
Name: mathy
City:   penang
Comments:   Hi guys, Use follow me dandruff control shampoo for a month. I am sure you guys will feel the difference
Name: reenaa
City:   chennai
Comments:   thanx guess it worked
Name: soumya
City:   india,mumbai
Comments:   hi,i have tried all of these and i have turned bald now and its up to u guys now. take care
Name: adi
City:   mumbai
Comments:   hi. pls send me the addresses of salons in mumbai where i can get a good rebonding job done
Name: sam
City:   mumbai
Comments:   I've a oily scalp,but my hairs are quite dry.I'm suffered from dandruff prob since long. I took medical treatment too,but it works for that period only.plz suggest me a way to get releif from this.
Name: Kaly
City:   Hyderabad
Comments:   My husband has Dandruff. He uses Selsum Blue Shampoo. Even then the dandruff is not reducing. Plz provide solution to this.... Thank You
Name: Rebecca
City:   Dehradun
Comments:   Hi there!! Are there any tips to get rid of acne scarsI gotta know 'em real fast!!Guyz,Plz lemme know!! Thanx!!
Name: Mou
City:   Jalpaiguri
Comments:   I am suffering from severe dandruff problem which resulting massive hair loss. My front portion is almost visible. my hair is thin and dry but my scalp is oily. Have tried different home made remedy, medicated shampoo. pls give some solution which cures my problem as well as retain my normal hair. Also pls indicate the name of shampoo which suitable for my hair.
Name: Ranjita
City:   kolkata
Comments:   very informative article.......its good!!!!!!
Name: Natasha
City:   Auckland, New Zealand
Comments:   This is a good aricle. Here is another way to get rid of dandruff. Just soften the Fenugreek (methi) seeds by soaking them in water overnight. Grind into a paste the next morning. Apply this paste on scalp and hair and leave it on for half an hour. Wash off with shampoo later. Hair washed with Fenugreek (methi) seed paste prevents dandruff, falling hair, baldness and dandruff keeping the hair long, healthy and black.
Name: dakshita narula
City:   jaipur
Comments:   here is another way to get rid of dandruff-simply tie a scarf on your head
Name: dakshita narula
City:   jaipur
Comments:   koi bhi bahaana chalega
Name: Aman
City:   Karachi
Comments:   Oily Skin increased dandruff plz tell me some advice so i can get rid of dandruff.
Name: animasri
City:   vizag
Comments:   HI friends! this is my personal experience like 100% better to use shikakayee powder for hair care than shampoos/soaps. when i was in school/college weakly once i was using shikakayee paste(soak raw shikakayee and methi seeds in water overnight and morning paste them with mandhara flowers)for my hair wash.sometimes i was appling only methi paste to my hair.then my hair was so black ,thick 'n looong.after marriage i started using shampoos.then i lost all my hair 'ngetting white hairs sincere advice is avoid hair wash with shikakayee powder with mint/mandhara leaves.healthy and black shiny hair will be urs.
Name: sejal
City:   melbourne
Comments:   thanx,will certainly try
Name: monu
City:   southampton
Comments:   which vinegar can i use .e.g distilled white venegar ,wine white vinegar ,balsmic white venegar,lemon venegar or cider venegar. pl suggeest me that which one is good. pl reply .thanx.
Name: michelle
City:   Bellevue
Comments:   One thing I am trying is a mix of two tablespoons of vinegar and six tablespoons of hot water. Dab with cotton into the scalp, parting the hair with a comb apply all over the scalp. Preferably it should be used at bed time. Tie a scarf over the hair to avoid staining the pillow. Next morning wash the hair with shampoo. After the hair is thoroughly cleansed pour over as a last rinse a mixture of three tablespoons of vinegar and one cup of hot water. Then dry the hair thoroughly. This should be done twice a week for three months.
Name: Michelle
City:   Bellevue
Comments:   Here's another thing you can try. Wash your hair with warm apple cider vinegar. Then cover your head with a towel or a shower cap and leave for about 30-40 minutes. Rinse with plain water. Repeat 2 times a week until your dandruff goes away.
City:   karachi
Comments:   i want ur email adress i want to ask abt my irregular menses plz guide how can i reach u
Name: ramy
City:   montgomery
Comments:   hi if i use white vineger to get rid of dandruff,does it cause hair loss,i am just how to use vinegar to hair,after rinse the hair with vinegar we have to shampooo, pls give suggestion in details step by step.
Name: Joe schmoe
City:   Chicago
Comments:   I wait all school year untill summer break and then cut my hair really short. I get a fade so then the vinegar can get easy access to the scalp and it doesnt stink as much. Then when summer ends, im all cured!
Name: Geetha
City:   Bangalore
Comments:   which vinegar can i use to get rid of dandruff white veneger, lemon venegar, distilled white venegar, wine white vinegar, balsmic white venegar, or cider venegar. thanks
Name: Mama Rathi
City:   Melbourne
Comments:   Use cut lime or lemon directly on scalp and the dandruff problem will go away.

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