You are Here : Home / Beauty and Grooming / Articles


Plagued by dandruff Cheesed off by those dry white flakes that just keep dropping off your head providing you with your own mini snowfall in the midst of a sultry Indian summer You are not alone. In fact, research suggests that more people have dandruff than those who do not.

Here's what you can do to keep dandruff at bay so that you too can dare to wear black without having to furtively dust your shoulders every now and then. First, let us find out what causes this condition:


There are many theories regarding the cause of dandruff.

Dead skin

One theory suggests that dandruff is a natural process, and is caused by the flaking of the scalp. Just as the body sheds dead skin, so does the scalp. When this skin is shed at an excessive rate, it leads to dandruff.

Oily skin

It is a widely held belief that dandruff is caused by a dry scalp. However, this is not always the case, and dandruff is just as often caused by an oily scalp. The excessive oil forms a layer on the scalp, which dries, thickens and flakes off in the form of dandruff.


If you exercise regularly, you perspire more, which could also lead to dandruff, especially if you do not shampoo as often as you should.


Certain forms of dandruff are also believed to be caused by a fungus on the scalp. It is believed that this fungus cannot be removed completely. Thus, dandruff too cannot be completely eradicated, only controlled.

Other factors include:

  • Cold weather
  • Use of hair sprays and gels
  • Certain conditioners
  • Improper shampoo rinsing
  • Infrequent hair washes
  • Diet
  • Stress
  • Hormones
Don't ignore the dandruff, because ignoring it only leads to more build-up. This causes itchiness, which leads to you scratching your hair. Vigorous scratching can cause wounds to the scalp, leaving them vulnerable to infection.


If you have mild dandruff, you could try increasing the frequency of your hair washes. The rule of thumb is the more frequently you shampoo, the less dandruff you will have. If necessary, shampoo daily with a mild shampoo, to keep dandruff in check.

If your hair is dry but your scalp is oily, you may be hesitant to shampoo more often. Try this: wet your entire hair, but apply shampoo essentially to your scalp. Let the shampoo lightly run over your entire hair when you are rinsing it off your scalp, giving your locks a gentle wash.

If mild shampoos don't work, and if your dandruff is severe, use a medicated anti-dandruff shampoo which contains selenium sulfide to wash your hair. Use it sparingly, as anti-dandruff shampoos tend to be strong. After applying it, leave it on for at least five minutes before washing it off, to give the formula time to work.

After applying shampoo, massage your scalp lightly with your fingertips to loosen the scales.

The shampoo could be used on its own, or mixed with your regular shampoo. You could also alternate an anti-dandruff shampoo with your regular shampoo. Once the dandruff has gone, switch to your regular shampoo.

Help from your kitchen shelf

White vinegar is an excellent remedy for dandruff. Mix one cup of white vinegar with one cup of water, and pour this over your scalp after your hair wash, as a final rinse.

Add your feedback here

(Please enter your correct email id to get notified when people comment on this article)

Comments on Article

Name: sabrina
City:   new castle
Comments:   hi i have a prob is it possible that ill share it wid u plz reply me
Name: Penny
City:   London, England
Comments:   Hi Sabrina You can tell me your problem either on here or email me.If you want my email please reply. Thanks Penny
Name: shilpa
City:   USA
Comments:   hi, u can apply olive oil for maximum 30 minutes before washing ur hairs and see the magic. Dandruff will be gone Do this regularly and ur problem of dandruff will be gone
City:   Banglore
Comments:   i would like to know that if i apply vinegar on my hair, how long should i leave it, should i apply oil before applying it NULL will it cause any hairfall NULL how many times in a week should i apply NULL.... plssss help me with this
Name: poonam
City:   mumbai
Comments:   i would like to know more tips how can i get out off dandruff problem
Name: simran
City:   mumbai
Comments:   selsun shampoo is good for dandruff. use it on ur scalp, then again wash ur hair with mild shampoo.
Name: Akriti
City:   hyderabad
Comments:   Molly it is saying in article that apply vinegar as a final rinse whcih means u dont have to leave it on for so much time or anything. after washing hair u pour vinegar mixed with water on your head and leave it. it will dry up. i tried it is very good.
Name: alina
City:   kuala lumpur
Comments:   i am having dandruff for years.i have tried selsun but it is not i am using lemon to wash my is effective for few days but after that it is normal.the dandruff getting worst until it spread to my eyebrow.plz give me some advice to solve this problem.thanks a lot
City:   NJ
Name: Snigdha
City:   Mumbai
Comments:   Shilpa , Does olive oil really work NULL also tell me if you put vinegar mixed with water and then leave it your hair to dry , doesn't your hair become rough or frizzy?
Name: Ooi
City:   Kuala Lumpur
Comments:   Shilpa, how to apply the olive oilNULL pour it on your scalpNULL wont the oil make the dandruff worseNULL
Name: geeta
City:   Mumbai
Comments:   IS Petalca Shampoo available in any other citites besides MumbaiNULL
Name: Vinayak
City:   Ottawa
Comments:   Best way to "control" dandruff is by doing the following: 1) Little coconut oil mixed with Lemon juice 2) Heat it little bit. 3) Apply this mixture in the hair scalp and take bath. Feel the wonder within days and forget the thunder that you had on your head.
Name: ruchika chhabra
City:   Mumbai
Comments:   u can even try this remedy... pour one teaspoon of lemon juice in a paste of neem leaves. leave it for 1/2 hr. and wash it with your preferred shampoo. it works!!!
Name: katrina
City:   m.
Comments:   hey im gonna try alot of thease ideas u people listed but if u guys wanna realyl help me cuz i have dandruff really really bad! so u can e-mail me plezz .
Name: Joice
City:   Dubai
Comments:   U can try the Phytosylic shampoo which is available in pharmacies,believe me it is gr8 for curing dandruff.
Name: sheryl pereira
City:   panjim
Comments:   dey r very helpful tips.i have oily sclap wit fine dandruff.every alternate day i have headbath coz my hair looks greasy so now my hair is become scanty had thick hair.shapmoo i use is himalay anti dandruff for oily n sumtimes fruties shapm.i want my thick growth back cud u plz help me and mail me.i wud be very greartful.thank u
Name: shae
City:   okinawa
Comments:   My daughter had dandruff and it didn't matter which medicated shampoo I used because it would come back a few days later. A old remedy for a friend in Mexico. Take a couple of tbs of sugar. Add water to make a dry past. Part the hair and rub the sugar in between the scalp. The sugar helps to lift the dead skin caused of dandruff and also stimulate the hair. Wash your hair with your regular shampoo. I used this method on my daughter twice and she has not had dandruff since.
Name: vijay
City:   bangalore
Comments:   Itchy scalp Aggravation of Pitta dosha, stress, allergic reaction to shampoo, air conditioning, pollution and central heating lead to an itchy and red scalp, with tiny pimples or sores, dull and dry hair. Remedies Add 1 teaspoon of camphor to half a cup of coconut oil and store it in gl container. Dosage: Mage this oil into the scalp before bed. 1. Mix two tablespoons of cosmetic vinegar and six tablespoons of hot water. Dab with cotton into the scalp, parting the hair with a comb apply all over the scalp. Preferably it should be used at bed time. Tie a scarf over the hair to avoid staining the pillow. Next morning wash the hair with shampoo. After the hair is thoroughly cleansed pour over as a last rinse a mixture of three tablespoons of cosmetic vinegar and one cup of hot water. Then dry the hair thoroughly. This should be done twice a week for three months. 2. Hot oil therapy is another method to cure dandruff. Mage hot oil into the scalp at bedtime. Next morning an hour before bath, rub lemon juice mixed with cosmetic vinegar (mix 1:2 ratio) into the scalp. Give the hair a good wash and egg shampoo. 3. Give your hair a hot steam bath. Mage hot oil with a hot damp towel and leave it on the head like a turban so that the steam can fight dandruff. You may use two towels for this purpose. 4. Here is another beauty tip for your hair. After giving your hair a good wash, boil five teaspoons of dried used tea leaves in lime water and use it as a last rinse after shampoo. This gives the hair a lustrous shine and provides nourishment too. 5. Make an infusion of 1 ounce each of fresh or dried rosemary and sage in 2 cups of water. Let steep for 24 hours, then use daily as a hair rinse. 6. Boil 5 heaping Tbsp dried thyme in 2 cups water for 10 minutes. Strain and cool. Pour 1/2 mixture over clean, damp hair. Mage into scalp, do not rinse. Use second half of solution another day. 7. Instead of shampooing, mage handfuls of baking soda into the hair and scalp to absorb oil and to loosen dead skin on scalp. Rinse thoroughly, use no other shampoos. While initially the hair may seem dry, after several weeks, dandruff will be gone and hair will be smooth and shiny. 8. Mint Rinse Boil: 1 cup water 1 cup apple cider vinegar 1 handful of fresh mint leaves Strain and pour into a container. With fingertips, mage solution into the scalp, let dry without rinsing out. 9. Use the hot oil treatment recipe given on this page. 10. Soothing Herbal Hair Rinse Combine equal parts of dried rosemary, comfrey, witch hazel leaves and nettles to make about 1/2 cup. Add to 2 cups of water in a covered pot. Bring to a boil. Remove from heat and let steep overnight. Strain. Shampoo and rinse hair then use herb tea for a final rinse to relieve itchy, flaky scalp.
Name: priya
City:   Yangon
Comments:   hi, I use the anti-dandruff shampoo but when i use, my hair falls very much so that please tell me another way.

Add your feedback here

(Please enter your correct email id to get notified when people comment on this article)

Hair Care
Hi all,
My name is Olivia and I'm new to this group ...
- Olivia Benjamin    read >>

RE:hair fall
Hi all we provide Hair Fall solutions. you can contact us. servicelevels21 - at - g - mail
Its cost also reasonable and we will keep guiding you. You will start getting results of our medicines (Ayurvedic only)within a month. ...
- Ayurvedic Solutions    read >>

RE:RE:Painful licecombing scheduled
Hi. Just remembered u today after wearing gajras ... - Mnt    read >>

RE:Painful licecombing scheduled
Hi longhairlady.
No post since long time.
Just remembered u after wearing gajras today. ...
- Mnt    read >>

RE:Head shave
20 is not too old and neither is it too young. A scarf can look good. So go ahead with the mottai is what i recommend. In a year things will be back to normal and it will be a thrilling experience. I gave company to my younger brother when i was ... - Tanisha    read >>

Head shave
Hi I'm Priya I'm 20 years and in 2nd year degree. My dad suddenly told me 3 days ago that we are going to tirupati for darshanam next week. And he told he is going to do mottai. Today he told me the truth that even i have to do mottai. I said i ... - Priya Chidanandam    read >>

RE:Headshaving at beauty saloon
Can you share to video with me ... - Manu Arora    read >>

RE:hair care
Welcome to Aishwarya! ... - Manu Arora    read >>

RE:What shall I do?
Depend on you! ... - Manu Arora    read >>

RE:hair fall
Diet for Healthy Hair
Spinach, Carrots, Eggs, Walnuts, Lentils, Chicken, Strawberries and guavas, Yoghurt, Sweet potatoes, and finally Oats these foods will help to improve the growth of hair.

- SIVA    read >>