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  BODY FAT - by Editor


Fat is a bad word in the world today. Gym memberships are rising day by day; so are the sale of exercycles. Supermodels are becoming thin to the point of disappearing and entire conversations are devoted to the latest diets. And it's all about battling a deadly enemy called FAT.

You hear people talk about women who have thunder thighs and men with beer bellies. This is because in the case of men, fat tends to settle around their abdominal region. Women, on the other hand, tend to accumulate fat around their hips and thighs.

But you just can't escape it. It's something that just isn't going to go away. Fat is essential in the human body as it regulates body temperature, cushions and protects the organs and is the body energy storehouse.

(Note: Body fat percentage is merely the percentage of fat your body contains). Thus, if you weigh 40 kg and your body fat percentage is 10%, it means that you have 4 kg of fat and 36 kg of lean body mass that consists of bone, muscle, organ tissue, blood, etc.

So how much fat is enough, how much is too much and how much is too littleNULL The American College of Sports Medicine has laid down recommended body fat levels for both men and women.

Male:


Low: 6-10% fat
Optimal: 11-17% fat
Moderate: 18-20% fat
Obesity: Greater than 25% fat

Female:


Low: 14-18% fat
Optimal:19-22% fat
Moderate: 23-30% fat
Obesity: Greater than 30% fat

By these standards, men who have a body fat percentage less than 3% and over 20% would be considered unhealthy. Similarly, women with body fat percentage less than 11% and over 30% would fall into the unhealthy category.

Factors affecting body fat

The amount of fat in a person's body depends on his/her body type, dietary habits and level of physical activities.

Genetic body type (somatype)

Body types fall into three basic categories: ectomorph, mesomorph and endomorph. Most people are genetically predisposed to develop characteristics of one of these somatypes with secondary traits from other body types.

Ectomorph:

possesses a low body fat percentage level, small bone size, a high metabolism, and a small amount of muscle mass and muscle size.

Mesomorph:

possesses a low to medium body fat percentage level, medium to large bone size, a medium to high metabolism, and a large amount of muscle mass and muscle size.

Endomorph:

possesses a high body fat percentage level, large bone size, a slow metabolism, and a small amount of muscle mass and muscle size.

While there's not much a person can do about his body type as it is genetically predetermined, he can do something about environmental factors within his control like his diet and exercise.

Level of physical activity

Here are some tips on how exercise can help you reduce your body fat:

  • Aerobic excercise for 20 minutes, three times a week will improve your cardiovascular system, increase your metabolism, and burn body fat.
  • Weight/strength training for 20 minutes, three times a week will increase your muscular strength, enhance your muscular endurance, result in a leaner body mass, and will have a favorable affect your bone density.
  • Stretching before and after exercise will increase the range of motion of your joints and muscles. Increasing your flexibility also decreases your risk of injury while exercising.


Diet

Exercise on its own will not make a significant difference in the battle against fat if your diet comprises all the wrong kind of food. Sensible nutritional diets are a must. You need to limit the amount of fat in your diet to not more than 20% of the calories you consume.

Thin and fat

It may surprise you to know that thin is not necessarily the opposite of fat. A thin person may have very little muscle and a high percentage of body fat. Thus, you can have a thin fat person.

Less fat is not better as people are prone to believe. Extremely low body fat, in fact, can be bad for health. Low body fat percentages reduce a person's immunity to disease. It can also lead to loss of bone density, which in turn, puts a person at greater risk of stress fractures. Low body fat can result in the disruption or the complete cessation of a woman's menstrual cycle.


Good fat and bad fat

Even fat can be separated into the good guys and the bad guys. The fat that is located right beneath our skin, known as subcutaneous fat, is the good fat. The bad fat is mostly located in the abdomen and around the internal organs. This is called intra-abdominal or visceral fat. The more visceral fat you have, the higher the level of free fatty acids in your blood. Bad body fat can clog the arteries and affect the functioning of the liver. Genetically, men ten to have about twice the amount of bad fat as women.

Fat cells and muscle cells

Muscle and fat combined usually account for about well over half a person's weight. Men tend to have a higher ratio of muscle to fat than women. A person's weight depends on the number and size of muscle and fat cells. People with more and bigger muscle and/or fat cells will weigh more than a person with fewer and smaller cells.

We are born with a fixed number of muscle cells. This number remains the same for most of our lives. As a person grows, the size of these cells increases. However, an activity like weightlifting can also increase the size of muscle cells.

In the case of fat cells, people are usually born with between 5 billion and 10 billion of them. As we grow older, this number increases to about 20 billion for a thin person and to about 100 billion for an obese person.


Myths about body fat

Myth number 1 is that fat can be turned into muscle, or vice versa. Muscle is a tissue and fat is a substance. Therefore muscle and fat cannot create one another.

Myth number 2 is that if you weigh more on the scale, you must be overweight. This is untrue. Muscle (lean body mass) weighs approximately 75 percent more than fat. In other words, you can increase your actual body weight without increasing your body fat. You can even increase your body weight and at the same time decrease your percentage of body fat.

Myth number 3 is that the weighing scale is the best way to determine whether you are overweight. In fact, the fit of your clothes and examining yourself nude in the mirror are much better ways of checking that you haven't developed any unseemly bulges.


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Comments on Article

Name: roopa
City:   India
Comments:   My height is 5.1 and my weight is 81kg, i look very fat, and what to do to reduce my weight. before marriage is was not too fat i had medium personality, but after having baby i have put on weight. ia am a working woman so i am very busy, i have no time for myself. so please give me some suggestions so that i can reduce mu weight.
Name: gayan darshana lakruwan
City:   sri lanka
Comments:   my height is 5.8 and my weightis 80kg .and i look very fat so what to doto reducemy weight.please give me suggestions so that i can reduce my weight
Name: praveena
City:   u,s,a
Comments:   my height is 5.5 and my weight is between 57 to 63. i look thin and weight is always between this . i want reduced my tummy and weight.please give suggestions
Name: Farhat Jafri
City:   Sharjah
Comments:   I am a house wife and am 40 yrs old. Two yrs have passed since my 3rd delivery and in these yrs I have ecumulated a lot of body fat especially on my stomach. Please suggest a helpful diet.
Name: sunita
City:   dubai
Comments:   I am 28 yrs old and my height is 4.11 I had a perfect body before I had a baby, during my pregnancy i gained almost 23kgs and now i weigh 72kgs...I am trying very hard to loose this extra weight that i have put on but have not been successful till date...kindly advice me, what i should do in order to loose this weight..very worried!!!
Name: mariam
City:   kuwait
Comments:   i am 28 years old.i had 2 kids.my weight is 81 kg my height is 5.5 i want to reduce my weight.after my second baby i had put on lot of weight.i am too worried & want to reduce.thanks if u advice me.i am very eager to reduce my weight.
Name: saraswathy
City:   chicago
Comments:   hi mariam, good diet and good exercise ....thats the only way to reduce weight. go to gym at least 4 days a week. Reduce taking rice , instead of that take fresh fruits and vegetables (salads).Drink at least 8 glasses water every day. If you take more water it will reduce your appetite also. good luck bye
Name: swapna
City:   kalyan
Comments:   Hello,I am swapna. My height is 5'1 and my weight 35 kg.I want to lose it as I am not tooo old now.I need your tips to lose my some weight.
Name: tanvir
City:   Dubai
Comments:   my height is 5.5 and my weight is between 66 to 68. i want reduced my tummy and weight.please suggest right workouts & diet ( idian meals )
Name: TanujaTripathy
City:   cuttack
Comments:   Hi, sunita the first mantra is a strong will power to loose weight. do all household work ,exercise 45mins a day drink atleast 2lts of water. Do aerobics 3 times a week for 20mins and ab crunches 3 times a week. Do remember to do cycling, or walking before any exercise for warm up unless any work
Name: Savita
City:   New Delhi
Comments:   My height 5'3.My weight 79. I had two children.I lookforward what to do to reduce my weight before marriage. I had meduim personalty but after having baby. I have put on wieght. I am a working woman.I am very busy. So please give me some suggestions so that ican reduce my weight.
Name: richard
City:   staten island
Comments:   I have been fighting fat for 4 years.With faid diets,and it's not a wining battle.In order to lose the fat u must change ur eating habits(change ur eating habits).What I mean by this,is stop eating the fast food,and drinking the soda,softdrinks.
Name: tina
City:   s'pore
Comments:   I'm 36 mother of 3(14-9yrs)my weight 47.I love to drink pepsi and I get addicted if I don't drink for a day.I try to stop this bad habit and try to drink 8 glass of plain water a day but I can't.Pls. give some suggestions how I can drink 8 glass of water per day.Thank you.
Name: shivangi
City:   mumbai
Comments:   hi this is me me means shivangi i am around 5 2 and i am weighieng 48 kgs give me some suggestions to become thin i want a slim stomach
Name: jk
City:   lawrence
Comments:   I am 16 and weigh 220 pounds I need help so i dont die eary.
Name: veena
City:   dubai
Comments:   My height 5'2.My weight 75. I had two children.I lookforward to reduce my weight. Before marriage I had meduim personalty but after having baby I have put on wieght. I am a working woman.I am very busy. So please give me some suggestions so that i can reduced my tummy and weight.please give suggestions.
Name: tania
City:   s'pore
Comments:   veena,i suggest that u can do some sit-up that can help to reduce ur tummy and after dinner at least wait for 3hrs before u go to bed.
Name: sumi
City:   india
Comments:   Hi,I am 22 yrs old and i am putting on too much weight on my tummy,Kindly suggest me to reduce the fat content .
Name: pamala
City:   secundrabad
Comments:   can you please tell me how to rediuse my stomach i look like as if iam carrying . i had operations , iam having two sons how can i put my stomach in iam 27years old .please let me know. thanking pamala
Name: uravi
City:   surat
Comments:   hi i am 25yrs old weighing about 60kgs ,ihave a 4mth old baby ...could you suggest some remedy to reduce fat arount my tummy & hipps..thanks
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