are one of the types of birth control options widely used by females. Learn
more about the types, advantages and disadvantages of using vaginal
are widely preferred as a method of preventing pregnancy because of the ease of
use that they provide. It is an option that can help to prevent pregnancy for a
particular number of hours. Find out how vaginal contraceptives work and what
its different types are.
What are vaginal insert
creams, gels, and suppositories contain spermicides and are 80% effective.
Creams and jellies are usually used in conjunction with condoms thus increasing
their contraceptive effectiveness and enhancing protection against venereal
disease. Foam comes in a pressurized container with a nozzle or a plastic
applicator. You should insert the nozzle or applicator deep into your vagina to
ensure that the foam is ejected as close to the cervix as possible. Foam has an
immediate effect. Vaginal suppositories, on the other hand, take ten to fifteen
minutes to dissolve.
How do vaginal contraceptives
Vaginal contraceptives need to
be placed in the vagina just 4-5 minutes before intercourse. The
spermicidal action of a vaginal contraceptive lasts for about 1 hour after
insertion. The sperm is first immobilized by soluble base and the
spermicide then prevents pregnancy from occurring by acting on the sperm and
killing it immediately on contact.
What are the advantages of vaginal
The main advantages
when compared to other methods of contraception
No loss of natural feeling when compared to condoms.
No side effects such as vomiting,
headaches and weight gain when compared to oral pills.
No bleeding or pain when compared
to the Loop.
No interference of a third party
because it is do-it-yourself method.
What are the disadvantages of vaginal
Below mentioned are
some disadvantages of using vaginal
The effects of such contraceptives
last only for a specific time.
They may not provide protection
against sexually transmitted diseases.
In rare cases such contraceptives
may also cause allergic reaction or vaginitis.
They may not provide 100%
protection against pregnancy.
Which are the different types of vaginal
Have a quick look at
the different types of vaginal contraceptives.
Vaginal foam is packaged in a tin and comes
in shaving cream like consistency. You can use this foam based on the
directions of use that are provided on the package. You need to put the foam in
the applicator. You need to insert this applicator about two to three inches
inside your vagina and press the plunger in such a way that the foam gets
deposited on your cervix. You must avoid using it and consult your doctor if
burning sensation or any other infection is experienced in vagina or penis. It
is not suitable if the woman or her partner is coping with
Spermicidal jelly is nothing but a chemical
that kills sperms. It comes in a tube and can be inserted into vagina with the
help of an applicator. The applicator should be inserted in such a way that the
jelly reaches the cervix. It provides protection from pregnancy immediately
after its application and lasts for about one hour. It can provide protection
for about 6 hours if it is used with diaphragm.
A tablet or a suppository is a solid
form of concentrated spermicide. These tablets or suppositories should be
pushed into the vagina as close to the cervix as possible. After 10 to 15
minutes this tablet or suppository melts into foam. It is advisable to wait
till the tablet or suppository dissolves completely before having sex. It can
provide protection for about an hour after which it is advisable to use another
tablet or suppository.
It is a thin film that contains spermicide.
For inserting it into vagina, it should be folded into square (folded twice
into half) and pushed near the cervix. About after 15 minutes of insertion it
will completely melt into gel like substance that will act to immobilize the
sperms. One film will be effective for an hour and a new film should be
inserted after that.
is a contraceptive device that can be inserted into vagina and acts as a
barrier method of contraception. It is made using solid polyurethane foam. It
should be inserted in vagina in order to cover the cervix. It blocks the sperms
for entering the uterus as well as immobilizes them by discharging spermicide.
After its use it can be removed using a nylon loop attached to
Vaginal insert contraceptives provide the ease of use
but may not be as effective as other methods to provide protection against
pregnancy. Before using these types of contraceptives you must consult your
doctor to find out if it will suit you or
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- The Indiaparenting Team