India woke up to freedom on this day, way back in 1947, after a struggle which spanned centuries. The British handed the rule of the country to the Indian leaders at the stroke of midnight.
India's Independence is celebrated
on this day by hoisting the tri-coloured flag in the state capitals, and
holding cultural programmes.
Though schools and colleges may not
have a holiday on this day, no academic work is done. Students and teachers
gather for a flag hoisting ceremony, and they sing the National Anthem.
The rest of the country, however, usually enjoys a holiday on this day.
It is a time when we must sit back
and remember the freedom strugglers, without whom we may never have got
Rani Laxmi Bai, the Queen
of Jhansi, lead her people into a battle against the British in which she
fought like a tiger, and was killed heroically.
Mahatma Gandhi, the father
of the nation, lead the country to freedom with his non-violent ideals.
He remains a symbol of peace to this day.
Sardar Vallabhai Patel was
responsible for uniting the princely states into one country.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, remembered for his court statement in which he proclaimed 'Swaraj is my birthright, and I will have it!'
a bomb when the Legislature was in session, and was arrested and hung.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was
elected President of the Congress when he was just 35.
Dr. Annie Besant, a Britisher,
supported India's freedom struggle wholeheartedly and founded the Home
Rule league in India.
Ashfaqualla Khan, a revolutionary who was given the death sentence, kissed the noose before it went around
Some of the more prominent freedom
The Mutiny of
1857 This mutiny was the turning point
of the freedom movement, though it was suppressed by the British. It was
the first organized freedom struggle on such a large scale, and paved the
way for further struggles for freedom.
The Civil Disobedience
Movement of 1929 It was decided to celebrate Indian
Independence Day on the 26th of January. On this day the freedom fighters,
spearheaded by Mahatma Gandhi, hoisted India's national flag. It was decided
to completely disregard the orders of the British Government.
The Dandi March
of 1930 Gandhi lead a 241-kilometer march
to Dandi at the age of 61, and proceeded to make salt in defiance of the
law by non-violent means. The British had to arrests millions to enforce
the law, causing panic in the administration. This march, in fact, was
the first strategy of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
The Quit India
Movement of 1942 The year 1942 is now identified
more with the movie 1942: A Love Story, than it is with the Quit India
Movement! This movement called for a widespread, non-violent struggle for
India's freedom. Before long there were revolts all over the country, demanding
that the British 'quit India'.
Do you know: National Anthem? Jana Gana Mana
National Animal? The Tiger
National Bird? The Peacock
National Flower? The Lotus