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You are here Home > Beauty and Grooming > Articles
Why do we tan

Tanning is a way of protecting our skin from exposure to the sun. When the skin comes in contact with UV radiation, pigment-producings cell or melanocytes produce extra melanin, which is the pigment that gives us our colour, in order to absorb the nasty UV radiation and protect the inner cells from damage. So you can safely conclude that the quicker you tan, the less prone are you to getting skin cancer. If you burn easily and don't tan quickly, you should be more wary of the sun. But there are pros and cons to either side, and if you tan easily, you are also more prone to unsightly hyper-pigmentation (darkening of the skin).

What causes uneven pigmentation

When the skin is over-exposed to the sun to a great degree, melanocytes (pigment producing cells) may go into a panic, and produce excessive pigmentation. So what, you ask. All that this means is that I turn a darker shade. Yes, that is true, but the problem is, due to the panic, the nature of the cells may get altered, and you may find that they start producing more melanin permanently. Your tan just may become permanent. However, this is not where the problem lies, as many people would be happy to have a permanent tan. The problem is, not all cells react the same, so while some cells produce extra melanin or colour, others don't, which leads to pigment patches. To make matters worse, certain melanocytes may shut down due to excessive sun exposure, as they are unable to cope. The skin around this cell consequently turns white, and will never tan. (These white patches should not be confused with leucoderma.) This condition is known as hypo-pigmentation, and is even more severe than hyper-pigmentation, as the white skin patches are particularly prone to skin cancer due to their inability to tan.


The sun is the skin's greatest enemy, and while a certain amount of sunlight is desirable, UV radiation is not. The sun quickens ageing of the skin and the formation of wrinkles, and causes age spots and freckles, in addition to skin cancer and pigmenation disorders.

Shield your body from the sun as far as possible to prevent discolouration. Wear full sleeves if you are going to be in strong sunlight, cotton, so you do not feel too hot. If you would rather wear short sleeves, make sure you apply adequate sunscreen not just on your face, but on your arms as well.

What is the cure

If you already have discolouration, you could visit a dermatologist who would be able to prescribe appropriate treatment. Mild chemical pigment peels are also available wherein the outer discoloured layer of the skin is peeled off. But unless your skin tone is starkly uneven, or if you have discolouration or patches on your face, I do not see the need for going in for this. Homeopathy medication has also been known to treat pigmentation, but while there are no guarantees, this medication is safe, has no side effects, and is worth a shot.

  • Drink at least ten glasses of water in a day. Drink two glasses of water in the morning when you wake up, before brushing your teeth.
  • Try applying lime (nimbu) to the discoloured area. Do this everyday, and wash off after 15 minutes. You could also apply lime to the affected area at night once in a while, and wash off in the morning when you bathe.
  • Bleaching the affected area once a month will lighten it too. Do not bleach when pregnant.
  • Various creams and lotions that claim to reduce pigmenation are also available. You could try them to see if they work for you.
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Name: Shakeera
City:   Hyderabad
Comments:   Iam shakeera from India. I have been suffering from severe pigmentation problem on my face( nose and cheeks) I have used almost all the products but in vain. Currently Ima undergoing Chemical Peels but that too does not give me good results. I read about your product while surfing the website and found it interesting. Could you please help me with more information about the Pigmentation treatment product and if you have "Testers" would you please mind sending it to me
Name: az
City:   uk
Comments:   I have suffered from reallu bad black patches on my body. my body skin colour is white but i have big dark black patches. I want to get this cured can you suggest anything o me.
City:   jabalpur
Comments:   i'm 26,suffering from aftermarks of pimples,can you suggest me any method to smooth my skin?i too undergone chemical peels but of no use.
Name: kayle
City:   maxton
Comments:   my friend megan has pigmentation and she say she was born with it is there any way to get it off.
Name: leela
City:   chennai
Comments:   Ur advice on pigmentation are very interesting. I have hyperpigmentation on both my sides of cheeks - it rather just above my cheeks and it is too obvious. I have tried everything what a skin specialist has told me but nothing really works. My face looks really bad and very very uneven. I am also dark complexioned. Pls. help me.
Name: monika sharma
City:   Delhi
Comments:   got pigmentation( light brown)on both cheeks & nose. Applying nimbu & honey from last one month but... suggest me some name of lotion b'coz i dont know any brand which lightens pigmenetation done the chemical peeling also but no use. they occurred last yr only. pl help me out. i hv got a v fair complexion theses marks make me embarrssing in front of other people.HELP ME OUT
Name: vijay
City:   Chennai
Comments:   I have got pigmentation marks all over my face.I have an oily skin.Could u give more tips to get rid of these marks
Name: gracy
City:   zambia
Comments:   i was very light at first but when i came to zambia my normal skin color disappeared instead i became can i get my normal skin colour back. please help and how do i also get rid of strach marks
Name: sana
City:   pk
Comments:   if any body ask you question you print it openly pls do not do this
Name: sobia
City:   pk
Comments:   pls remove all the e mails addresses from your comments page
Name: dolly
City:   new delhi
Comments:   i had a big red pimple on my left cheek on which i applied avon anti acne lotion as it suits my skin, but this time the pimple has left a blackish red mark or discolouration on my cheek. please help me as i am fair and want to get rid of this
Name: kruthi
City:   fort lauderdale
Comments:   honey, lemon juice will have no side effects.
Name: Nadine
City:   Antioch
Comments:   In response to your questions about pigmentation the best thing is to wash face at least two to three times per day with mild soap for example cetaphil and avoid sun exposure and drink lots and lots of water. Try to remove sugar and caffeine from diet and you should see results in at least a week.
Name: sharon
City:   england
Comments:   i was very interested to hear about using lemon juice or cuecumber i will give it ago thankyou 4 the advice
Name: rina sodha
City:   england
Comments:   plx could you help i went doctors and thay told me i have deep pigmention im really worried im fair as it is, but my skin is going white on my neck on my arms and legs plx could u e-mail asap thanks
Name: rs
City:   england
Comments:   why have u put it on the site where are the answers
Name: RS
City:   england
Name: pauline
City:   pretoria
Comments:   can you please advice me of what to do to remove the strach marks in my body,are they removable and if what is the safest and chepest way to remove them your timeous response will be much apppreciated.
Name: frank d'souza
City:   Bahrain
Comments:   I have pigmentation on the nose. I had been to at least 3 dermatologists and they prescribed me skin ointments and also sunscreen sph24+ but no use. I am 65 years and am a diabetic for the past 30 years, but under control and I take Glucophage 0-1-1 and daonil 1-0-1 plus 84mg aspirin after lunch. One dermatologist said this is due to my diabetes, the other said it is sunburn and said this will take a long time and the ointment he prescribed I applied for 6 months without any relief. Now the 3rd dermatologist has asked me to apply Betnovate in the night which I am doing and am not going out. I find a little relief. What do you suggest this is due to and how should I go about it? Please advise. Thanks.-
Name: sumita Prasad
City:   New Delhi
Comments:   I am sumitra from India. I have been suffering from severe pigmentation problem on my face( cheeks and neck) since 5 years. I have used almost all the products but in vain. Currently I am undergoing Chemical Peels but that too does not give me good results. I read about your product while surfing the website and found it interesting. Could you please help me with more information about the Pigmentation treatment product and if you have "Testers" would you please mind sending it to me and please advice what should i do
Name: Namrata
City:   Indore
Comments:   Hello,i really liked your article and thus wanna know about my skin.I have very small light brown spots on my cheeks.I once asked the beauty parlour lady about this and showed her my spots,she said that its pigmentation problem. Could you please help me with more information about the Pigmentation treatment product.And please advice what should i do thanks
Name: Muhsin
City:   dhaka
Comments:   i have hyperpigmentation (black) on my face. will drinking black tea or coffe aggravate this thanks.
Name: hifza parveen
City:   banglore
Comments:   Hello, I am from blore. I have some light marks on my skin. They are the marks which has been formed on my skin by pinching through nails. Could u please let me know any harbal treatment to get rid of this.It would be great of you if you would help me in getting rid of them. I am 24 years working girl, I uses good moisturisers and facila packs thinking they would help me. Could u suggest me any other good remedy. Thank you
Name: Tasha
City:   Melbourne
Comments:   I have uneven skintone.My fore head area is very dark compared to my face skin colour.can u pls suggest me something. thankyou in advance
Name: saran
City:   chennai
Comments:   I have white patches in my cheek. Skin doctor said this is due to Pigmentation problem. Can u please suggest me in this regard.
Name: clearskin
City:   Delhi
Comments:   I have tried lemons, cucumbers and found helpful. I recently tried applying niacinamide/vitamin b3 a recipe they gave to pigmentation marks to see it quickly reduce. Read the full recipe and try it. It works!
Name: rupee
City:   hyderabad
Comments:   I have been suffering from severe pigmentation problem on my face( nose and cheeks) I have used almost all the products but in vain. Could you please help me with more information about the Pigmentation treatment product and if you have "Testers" would you please mind sending it to me
Name: Kalyan
City:   Hyderabad
Comments:   I had a big red pimple on my right cheek on which i applied CALADRYL lotion fpr 5 days. But the pimple has left a blackish red mark or discolouration on my cheek.I am fair and want to get rid of this.I also have another prob, i keep getting soo many moles on my face and body from past 1yr. I got 5 on my palm just 2 moths back. Too many moles on my face making me lose confidence where ever i go. Pls tell me the cure for losing the existing moles and also not to get any more from now. Thanks in advance
Name: Jude
City:   Singapore
Comments:   I have pigmentation on my forehead and cheek, could u please advise me what whether apple cider vinegar helps. Thanks
Name: Daisy
City:   Mumbai
Comments:   lots of facial hair,doing laser treatment 9th setting,hair growth is less but still the growth of hair is there,worried about the hair growth still there.pigmentation on cheek bone.
Name: hannah
City:   Chennai
Comments:   How to get rid of black circles around eyes and pimples in face.
Name: devika
City:   trinidad
Comments:   natuarlly fair works really well for skin that has been damaged by the really works u guys should try it.i love it
Name: swetha
City:   hyderabad
Comments:   i was fair when i was in my school n during college time the skin getting exposed to sun turned dark,i wish to know some products or creams which can remove tan,even my hands n feet r dark but the remaining body is fair,my marriage is settled for jan last week,wud u plzz suggest me as to which product is to b used to getrid of this problem, plzz help me out,at the earliest.
Name: anju
City:   cochin
Comments:   hi my name is anju n i'm 21. my problem is that i have got pigmentation just on one side of my face that is te right side.the other side is completely clear.i consulted so many dermatologist and even underwent laser treatment just on a small area of my face to see whether there would be any effect. but it was all invane.right now i'm undergoing an ayurvedic tratment. as a result of the treatment my skin has become very fair but the spots remain the same.i would like to know if u can suggest any better options.
Name: TK
City:   DELHI
Name: fairskin
City:   New Delhi
Comments:   Go to this website to learn how to solve your pigment probs
Name: Viraaj Shah
City:   Mumbai
Comments:   I have 6 to 7 black spots on my face.It is not a mole but they are black spots.i have seen 2 to 3 more black spots developing.How can i prevent thoseI would also like to know that how can i have a black spot free face now
Name: Viraaj Shah
City:   Mumbai
Comments:   I have 6 to 7 black spots on my face.It is not a mole but they are black spots.i have seen 2 to 3 more black spots developing.How can i prevent thoseI would also like to know that how can i have a black spot free face now
Name: aradhna
City:   bhopal
Comments:   hi, i am 26 years old i have uneven pigmentation in my front portion of neck from my childhood ,last year i went to dermatologist, then he did peeling on my skin but its not very affective on my skin again it reappears, now please suggest me what can i do is plastic surgery is its remedy or please tell me the name of medicines or cream or any home treament , i'll be very greatful to you . Thanks.
Name: Sabita
City:   Canada
Comments:   My cheeks and nose has some brown spots but unfortunately I cannot get rid of them. However I tried lemon juice before, but it did't do anything. I wish there is a magic remedy out there. Please let me know.
Name: Myrna
City:   London
Comments:   Suffering from brown pigmention on my cheek .try a lot of cream ,and spending a lot of money but still didn't work.need your advice
Name: Nitesh
City:   London
Comments:   I have got psorasis on the back of my neck. How can I cure it Anyones help will be much appreciated.
Name: ahmareen
City:   vadodara
Comments:   suffering from brown pigmentation on my cheeks and chin and facial warts just below my eyes andon my right cheek
Name: Rameshkanth
City:   chennai
Comments:   suffering from black pigmentation on below my eyes,it is uniformly distributed up to some extent. How do i Cure it whether it leads any problem like skin cancer Can u give me suggestion pls
Name: rishu
City:   delhi
Comments:   hi i m rishu 17 years i have pigmentation on my cheeks n especially nose for 6-7 years please help me out . i have tried homeopathy but it doesnt work please give me some home treatment or reasonable treatment to remove pigmentation .plsplspls thankyou
Name: neha
City:   delhi
Comments:   hi this is neha 17 years i have pigmentation on nose . here u have suggested to apply lime on the pigment area. will it be effective for dry skin
Name: BS
City:   Australia
Comments:   Hi I am planning to start an export business(exporting beauty/hair products of Australia).Let me know the products you are looking for.
Name: mm
City:   India
Comments:   hi i am 28 yrs old. i got some black patches in my skin from last 4 or five years. many doctors gave me medicine but no use. i use to eat lots of water. i think sun is my enemy so i use sunscreen lotion. let me know the any lotion sutiable for my skin. my skin is dry skin, fair skin
Name: fida
City:   India
Comments:   You give good information to everyone.Keep up the good work.

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RE:pigmentation due to betnovate c
hello mshama,
first think you did wrong think that used this betnovate c without doctor consultation, so its not right thing you do, first you should meet now to skin specialist and decide about the appointment to doctor.
- harish    read >>

RE:pigmentation due to betnovate c
hello friend,
you are how much of old, and what your age now, if you still continue with the betovate c cream then you should stop to using this cream now, it will be harmful for you, so stop using this. ...
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RE:pigmentation due to betnovate c
hello mshma,
i think skin pigmentation didnt find any permanent solution till yet, so its not easy to get solution from this pigmentation, this cream has side effects and stop using this. ...
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RE:pigmentation due to betnovate c
hello msharma,
you should take consultation from good and best skin specialist, so it will help you to remove your pigmentation and it will helpful to get clear skin, also you look that the cream does not have any side effects too. ...
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RE:pigmentation due to betnovate c
hello masharma,
its not right if anyone of your friend consult you about your skin and you take his suggestion and implement so its not right, dont do that type behavior with your skin again its not right at all. ...
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RE:pigmentation due to betnovate c
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