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Women's Health Topics..

You are here : home > Women's Health > Ovarian Cancer > Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer

If ovarian cancer is detected early than it can be cured. The early signs of ovarian cancer can be detected on pelvic examination. Other symptoms of ovarian cancer can easily be confused with indigestion, irritable bowel or premenstrual syndrome. A blood test, CA 125, can detect the cancer.

What are the early signs of ovarian cancer

In all cases, the first sign of ovarian cancer is an enlargement of the ovary.  This enlargement of the ovary can be detected on pelvic examination.  (Fortunately, only 5% of these are found to be malignant or cancerous).  Other signs of ovarian cancer include fluid collection in the abdomen, bloating, cramping, pelvic pain, heartburn and fatigue.  However, these symptoms can easily be confused with indigestion, irritable bowel or premenstrual syndrome (PMS).  It is only at a very advanced stage that distension and a total lack of appetite occur.

What tests can help in determining ovarian cancer

A blood test known as the CA 125 can help in detecting ovarian cancer.  A tumor-marker measures the level of protein shed by ovarian tumors.  A reading beyond the range of 0-35 is suggestive of cancer.  But the CA-125 can detect only less than 80% of ovarian tumors.  It is not a conclusive screening of cancer like the mammography since the CA-125 could fail to detect many of the tumors.  A higher than normal reading could even indicate a number of other gynaecological disorders like cysts, fibroids, endometriosis, or even menstruation.

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sherlin.7 years ago
Some of the early symptoms you can examine on your own are such as: Bloating or increased abdominal size, Pelvic or abdominal pain, Eating difficulty or feeling full too quickly. If you see all these you can consult your gynecologist.
Sakshi.7 years ago
i think its very important for every women to regularly go for check ups and avoid such diseases in its early stages itself.
jay.7 years ago
i did everything-reg ckups,good diet,no history,butihave stage4 in remission.have a ca-125 blood test.this is the only true way to detect ovarian cancer.
Das.7 years ago
does one loose weight? i have gained a lot put have a clear pap and clear ultrasound but have severe distension , am worried!!!!!!!!
SABABD.7 years ago
to detect cancer it is neccessary to do pap-smear check up every year without forgetting.
in early years doctors never suggested all these test coz of which i lost my mother.
i would like everyone to know that never miss ur pap smear test a year.
chits.7 years ago
prognosis of ovarian cancer
Kuldip Mishra.7 years ago
how many pap smears are being done?
Kuldip Mishra.7 years ago
why gynaecologists still uses cotton swabs as cell sampling tool? which often gives false negative reports.
i suffer from poly cystic ovarian disease (pcod)and not if my cysts are benign or malignant. i am not on any medications and my periods though regular have been ongoing for more than 2 weeks now. i consulted with my doctor who told me that i was probably undergoing stress and she did a couple of tests but nothing unusual was noticed and she told me it was probably vaginal bleeding due to stress. after two months now the bleeding has returned only to be occuring for more than 3 weeks and they are unable to find the cause. i am very concerned about my health. is there any solution. i have taken so many tests that i have no count of them including the pregnancy test and all have been negative for any evidence of disorders.

if any of the doctors on the panel can answer my query i will be deeply greatful.


Chitra.7 years ago
is the biopsy that is mentioned for determining if the cysts are malignant very painful. how is it performed?
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