Do you know how one can
get infected with HIV and what should be done to prevent it? Let us take a look
at how one can get infected with HIV from an HIV +ve source and some preventive
HIV virus or Human
Immunodeficiency Virus can cause AIDS. When a person is affected with AIDS his
or her immune system becomes weaker and susceptible to even minor infections.
It is categorised as one of the sexually transmitted
diseases. An HIV +ve person may show symptoms like diarrhoea for
prolonged period, persistent fever for more than a month, weight loss for no
apparent reason, sudden night sweats, frequent infections like herpes
etc. However, these symptoms do not necessarily indicate that a person is
infected with HIV virus.
An HIV infected person can transfer
infection to another person through various ways. The virus can get mainly
transferred through sexual intercourse, blood transfusion, from pregnant mother
to child, intravenous drug abuse etc. Given below are the HIV +ve sources
through which the risk of infection is greater.
RISK OF INFECTION (from a HIV +ve
Sexual Intercourse (Vaginal/Anal)
0.1 % - 1.0 % (male to female is 7- 10
times more than female to male) Having STD increases the
90 - 95 %
Intravenous Drug Abuse & Others
0.5 - 1.0
Controversial (but if present, benefits definitely
Controversial (just anecdotal reports
till now been presented in its favour).
Stick to one faithful partner when
it comes to having sex. Having more than one sex partner can increase the risk
Avoid having sex with the person
who has more than one sex partners.
Always use a condom when sex is
unavoidable with more than one sex partners. Note that the risk of infection
can increase if condoms are not used correctly.
Make sure that you use a new
condom every time.
Abstain from oral or anal sex
Keep away from intravenous drug
abuse. Sharing needles syringes increase the risk of infection.
Make sure that proper testing is
done when blood transfusion is required to be done.
Opt for the alternatives to sex
like masturbating etc; when sex needs to be avoided.
Check if your barber is using a
new blade every time when you go for shaving or cutting your hair.
Check that your doctor uses a
fresh needle or syringe when you are taking an
It is a must to be properly aware of this disease in
order to take right preventive steps. In case if you have doubts about
prevention you can visit a government hospital or an AIDS
counselling centre without any hesitation. Note that HIV infection can be
contracted even through a single unprotected intercourse with an infected
person. The infection can get transferred even if the intercourse is
It is also very important to note that AIDS
cannot be cured. Currently vacation
against HIV is not available as well but research is under progress.
Therefore, it becomes a must to take right preventive steps for protecting
yourself from acquiring it.
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- The Indiaparenting Team