Usually Corpus Luteum
stops functioning by the 10th week of pregnancy. However, in certain
cases, it fails to regress and a cyst is formed. Read on to know how Corpus
Luteum Cyst is formed during pregnancy and what should be done if it becomes a
cause of concern.
I have a Corpus
Luteum Cyst on my ovary. Is it dangerous?
a yellowish body of cells called corpus luteum is formed. This body of cells produces estrogens and
progesterone and disappears after 14 days when you menstruate. In pregnancy,
the corpus luteum is sustained by the hormone (hCG) that is generated by the
cells that form the placenta.
The cyst grows to support and nourish the
until the placenta takes over. Normally, the corpus luteum shrinks in size by
about 6-7 weeks and stops functioning by the 10th week. But in about 1 out of
every 10 cases, the corpus luteum fails to regress and becomes a cyst. This
normally does not pose much of a problem, but your doctor would need to monitor
it. Because if the cyst becomes huge or is about to rupture, it would need to
be surgically removed.
Most pregnant women are bound to be shocked
and surprised when they are told that they have Corpus Luteum Cyst on their
ovaries. Normally, diagnosed during a routine prenatal check-up, this may add
to their other worries and concerns about being pregnant. However, ovarian
cyst during pregnancy is dangerous only in rare cases.
Hence, instead of panicking and stressing
yourself out when you learn about your cyst, it is best to try and understand
what it actually is and some of its known symptoms. This will enable you to
cope with the situation better.
is Corpus Luteum Cyst?
Corpus luteum cysts develop from the
follicle, which the egg had burst out of from the ovary. Once a month the ovary
releases a follicle, and this follicle is known as the corpus luteum. During
the normal process of ovulation the egg gets released and the shell or the
corpus luteum which is left behind dissolves away naturally on its own.
Occasionally the corpus luteum instead of
getting dissolved continues to grow in the ovaries and becomes big in size. In
case of pregnant
women this effectively means that the Corpus luteum cyst was either there
before she became pregnant from an earlier cycle and was unaware of or the cyst
may have developed as a result of the corpus luteum of the fertilised egg. In
pregnant woman this cyst may:
1) Dissolve on its own as the foetus grows in the womb.
This is because the cyst helps to produce hormone progesterone and normally
disappears in the earlier stages of pregnancy itself.
2) Becomes filled with fluid and continue
to grow during in size as the pregnancy progresses. In case the cyst grows
abnormally big in size, surgery may be recommended by doctors in the 2nd
trimester of pregnancy.
3) In rare cases the corpus luteum cysts may rupture
causing sudden, sharp pain and mild form of internal bleeding.
Having Corpus Luteum during pregnancy does
not really cause any harm to the woman or the baby growing in the womb. The
cyst only needs to be monitored at regular intervals which your doctor will
advise you about. Irrespective of whether the cyst shrinks by itself after a
few weeks or not, it is not something over which you should unduly worry about.
Symptoms of Corpus Luteum Cyst
The ovarian cyst during pregnancy, or corpus luteum cyst, will usually not
cause any symptoms or physical discomfort to the pregnant woman.
Symptoms like mild to moderate pain will be experienced by the pregnant woman
when the corpus luteum continues to grow and enlarge in size. This happens when
the cyst gets filled up with more blood and fluids. Sometimes the cyst may
twist itself around the ovary, cutting off the blood supply to the foetus. If
this happens the cyst will have to be surgically removed to save the baby.
Sharp pain normally signals the rupture of the ovarian cyst in such cases.
When to seek medical assistance?
Only in case you experience extreme pain or
bleeding you will require medical assistance for Corpus luteum cysts. Normally,
doctors recommend medicines to relieve mild pain caused by these cysts. The
woman can follow her daily routine as usual without restrictions of any sort or
discomfort. However, in some instances when the doctors suspect that the cyst
may rupture they will advise you to abstain from having intercourse till such
time that the cyst reduces in size.