Male infertility could be
due to various disorders. A comprehensive analysis will only determine the
cause of male infertility. Here are some male fertility disorders. Read on to
know about them.
If a couple is unable
to conceive, it is the sign one of the partners or both are infertile.
Infertility in males contributes significantly to the infertility problems
faced by couples. Undergoing certain tests can help to find out the causes
behind infertility in males and accordingly a suitable treatment
option can be chosen. Let us take a look at various male fertility disorders
that create hurdles for a couple to conceive.
characterized by the absence of sperm is either due to an obstruction in the
outflow system from the testicle, in the epididymis or vas deferens, or due to
a failure in sperm production (spermatogenesis). If a biopsy of the testicle
showed that spermatogenesis was normal, this would then indicate that an
obstruction was the cause of his azoospermia. Vasograms, which are X-rays of
the vas deferens can then be performed to identify the location of the
Sometimes, a semen
sample when seen under a microscope, will show sperm clumping. This may
indicate the presence of sperm antibodies that are causing the sperm to stick
together. A blood sample can be tested for the presence of agglutinating and
other sperm inhibiting antibodies.
Very small testicles may be
the manifestation of Klinefelter's Syndrome. This is caused by a chromosomal
aberration. Thus, a chromosome investigation will show the presence of an extra
X (female) chromosome.
Hormone disorders are rare
causes of male infertility, but it may sometimes be helpful to check his
F.S.H., L.H., testosterone (male hormone), prolactin and thyroid hormone
The existence of an
excessive amount of white blood cells in the semen sample may indicate that an
infection may be reducing the ability of the sperm
to fertilise an egg. The semen sample should then be cultured to determine the
type of infecting bacterial organism.
There are some infections
which can affect the quality of sperm as well as the amount of sperm that is
produced. Some infections may also cause scarring which can create barrier due
to which the sperms may not be able to pass freely. These types of infections
include infections like testicles (orchitis), epididymis (epididymitis) or some
sexually transmitted infections like HIV or gonorrhoea. Such types of
infections may also cause irreversible damage to the testicles. But there may
not be any difficulty in retrieving the
Sometimes on getting orgasm
while having a sexual intercourse the semen is thrown in the bladder instead of
getting ejaculated from penis. This condition is known as retrograde
ejaculation. Spinal injuries, surgery or prostate, bladder or urethra or
medical conditions like diabetes can be responsible for retrograde ejaculation.
Certain medications may also be responsible for causing retrograde
there is swelling in the veins that drain the testicle, the fertility disorder
called varicocele is caused. But there is no need to worry as this disorder can
be treated effectively. Also there are no confirmed results that show that why
exactly varicocele cause disorder like infertility
in men. The causes of infertility are mainly attributed to the
inability to regulate the normal testicular temperature.
Other Causes for Male Fertility
Apart from the above mentioned
causes, there are lot of other factors that may cause infertility problems in
males. Below mentioned are some other factors that may cause male fertility
Cancerous and non-malignant
tumours affecting the reproductive system of males,
Injury or scarring of the tubes
Difficulties in having sexual
Although, there are innumerable known and unknown factors
that may lead to infertility in males, proper medical intervention can help the
couple to conceive. In most of the cases it is possible to retrieve the sperm
and use it in assisted
reproductive techniques. So, there is no need to worry as medical
science can help to find solutions for males with the above
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- The Indiaparenting Team