Pneumococcal vaccine can
help to prevent sever diseases caused by bacteria known as Streptococcus
pneumonia. Read on to learn more about the importance of Pneumococcal vaccine
and its schedule.
is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae leading to severe
meningitis, pneumonia, blood infections like bacteremia, and also ear
infections. It can be spread by droplets from the nose or mouth when
the carrier patients breathe, sneeze, or cough. Children under 2 years of age
are at highest risk for this disease and are strictly recommended to get
vaccinated by Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV).
advanced PCV vaccine is effective in infants and HIV- infected people against
different strains of pneumococcal bacteria; thus it protects children against
the disease and prevents spreading them. Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine
(PPSV) can be given to adults as they are at lesser risk. Both vaccines are
inactivated and contain no live
What Is the Recommended
Four doses of pneumococcal
vaccine are all that your child needs against this serious
Healthy children under 1 year of
age shall receive PCV at 6, 10 and 14 weeks and a booster dose between 12-15
months of age.
Unimmunized and partially
vaccinated children of 1-2 years of age shall receive a single dose of
In addition to PCV, children at special risk of
infection shall also receive Pneumococcal Polyvalent Vaccine (PPV) at least 2
months after the last dose of PCV.
Immunocompromised children (like
children who have sickle cell disease, HIV/AIDS, damaged spleen, etc.) of 2-5
years of age require PCV followed by PPV at least 2 months after. The partially
vaccinated ones need to have two doses of PCV followed by PPV after 2
It is a must to vaccinate your child as per your
What Is the Recommended Schedule for
Adults of 19-64 years with no
spleen, splenic dysfunction, nephritic syndrome or chronic kidney disease,
cancer, including leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma, HIV/AIDS, sickle
cell disease, etc. need a booster shot
(one to two shots of PPSV) after every 5 years of vaccination.
Adults over 65 years of age who
received PPSV before age 65 also need a booster shot if it has been more than 5
years since being vaccinated.
Adults should get PCV followed by
PPSV after 8 weeks, if both have to be given.
An adult shall receive PCV one
year or later if has already vaccinated by
Who Should Avoid Getting
Children should not get
this vaccine under the following
Moderately or severely ill during the time of
Have a severe life-threatening
allergic reaction to the previous vaccine
Are the Possible Side Effects?
possible side effects for PCV are as
May have soreness or redness at the site of
Drowsiness, irritability, and
decreased appetite are reported less
Seizure is the rarest
The possible side effects for PPSV are as
May have soreness or redness at
the site of injection
Fever, chills and a general sense
of being ill for 1-2 days after injection are reported less
Allergic reactions leading to
trouble breathing, becoming pale, weakness, fast heartbeat, and feeling dizzy
Both PCV and PPSV are safe, but with any medicine,
there is always the possibility of a serious allergic reaction. Allergic
reactions happen within a few minutes to few hours of the shot. The risk of
serious harm or death is extremely small. Look for any unusual condition in
your child. If you have any other concerns, you must talk to your doctor before
getting yourself or your child
What is the schedule for
giving pneumococcal vaccine to children? Why is it important to give pneumococcal
vaccine to children? What to do if pneumococcal vaccine is missed? Discuss
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