Fill up this form to notify us about any comment that you find to be objectionable or improper. Please also do provide us the reason for your objection.

In: home > Kidcentric / Learning / Mushroom Mania

Mushroom Mania

kidcentric Learning

Most kids love to eat mushrooms and most mothers love to cook them. Nowadays a variety of exotic mushroom recipes are to be found in books, magazines and on the Internet. But few know that the mushroom is actually a fungus.


Mushrooms are interesting plants. They have no roots, no stems, and no leaves, yet grow so fast you can almost see them shoot up!


Mushrooms are a type of fungi, which means they have no chlorophyll to manufacture their own food. They depend on other plants for food. It is important to know that mushrooms are found in several varieties all over the world, but not all are edible. In fact, some are so poisonous that eating them would mean certain death. So NEVER pick your mushrooms unless you know exactly what you are doing.


Button mushrooms, also called table mushrooms are the most common variety of edible mushrooms.

The part of the mushroom plant that rises above the ground is the only fruiting part of the fungus. The rest of the mushroom lies under the ground in the form of a mass of dense white tangled threads. These threads are called mycelium or spawn and are usually hidden under bark, rotten wood, leaves, etc. The mushroom obtains its food through their decomposition.


How do mushrooms reproduce?

A mushroom starts growing as mycelium threads. The mycelium threads grow from little spores, which are tiny dust like particles shed from the full grown mushroom. On these threads small whitish knobs of tissue bud out in an umbrella shape or in the form which is characteristic of each kind of mushroom.

Ever wondered what those lines under the mushroom umbrellas are? These are called gills, and they hold tiny spores. These spores drop out and are dispersed by the wind. When these spores land on surfaces where they find conditions favorable for growth, they grow into new mushrooms.


What are 'favourable conditions?'

Mushrooms need shade, warmth and moisture to grow well, and as a result they grow mostly in shady forested areas on in the bottoms of ravines. They are also seen to grow well in grassy meadows. But since mushrooms contain a lot of water they cannot grow in areas that have hot dry winds or are directly under the summer sun.


Edible varieties are often grown by man and sold at vegetable shops. Mushrooms are cultivated like other plants, but not in open fields. They are grown in special chambers under a controlled set of conditions such as humidity, temperature etc. To grow mushrooms one needs specialized training.


Nutritional value

Moms would be happy to note that mushrooms are rich in vitamins and minerals. They contain large amounts of vitamin B and potassium. Also, raw mushrooms are cholesterol free, fat free, and sodium free. They are also low in calories. Five medium-sized button mushrooms have only twenty calories.

Mushrooms have a mild, meaty flavour, and absorb other flavours very well. Just like potatoes and apples, table mushrooms oxidize very quickly when exposed to air. If mushrooms are sliced and exposed to air for more than ten minutes, they quickly soften, and turn a brownish color.

Now that you know all about mushrooms you can enjoy them even more!
Expert answers
Ask Expert

Videos related to this article (27)
Raksha Bandhan celebrations
Brothers and sister love
Express love for your brother
Greeting on Raksha Bandhan
How is chocolate produced
The history of chocolate
Bitter truth about sweet chocolate
The chocolate fountain
How to make a Christmas tree
Decorating Christmas tree
Boy decorating a Christmas tree
A song for Christmas
New Year party song
Enjoying New Year party
Celebrating New Year
New Year party at Disney resort
What is Christmas?
We Wish You a Merry Christmas
Christmas Characters
How to Make a Christmas Tree
New Year Party Ideas
Hilarious New Year Party Game Idea
Happy New Year 2012
Simplest Way to Make Christmas Card
Quick Christmas Cards
Christmas Card Ideas
Unique Handmade Christmas Card


You may also be interested in:


Water Facts
(6891 views)
Whales
(1712 views)
The Black Hole
(1564 views)

PREVIOUS POST
Nature is full of wonders. Children learn easily through observation. Here are some fun activities to teach children...
Cancel
Save Edit
parenting
Notifications
3 Comments
Sort by Newest

Kidcentric Topics..


Bitter truth about sweet chocolate Video
Express love for your brother Video...

All tips on Diet
You ever wanted in one place.
No need to go anywhere else. No spam.

*No spam only genuine emails
Amazing Beauty
A new after - school exercise