There are various
contraception measures which can help you to prevent unwanted pregnancy after
your delivery. Read on to know more about the contraception after
After the delivery of your baby, your doctor will
advise you to abstain from sex for at least 6 weeks. You may get your periods
in 4-10 weeks after your baby’s birth or even after that if you are
breastfeeding. But it is very important not to take any risk to become pregnant
again any soon. So you must consult a doctor or general practitioner and start
taking contraceptive measures to prevent
unwanted pregnancy after delivery.
us have a look at various contraception options which you can choose after
childbirth and delivery.
A. Barrier Methods of
They physically prevent sperm from
reaching the uterus. They do not have any side-effects and can also help
protect from Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), but are less
Male and Female Condoms: Male
are the easiest method for birth control but they tend to split off at
Female condoms are less
Diaphragms and Caps:
Partially fill them with spermicide and insert in your vagina before sex. This
prevents sperm to pass through the uterus.
B. Hormonal Methods of
They are highly effective at
preventing pregnancy, although they do not offer protections from STIs.
Except Mini-Pills, others are
restricted to breast-feeding mothers due to their estrogen content. They are
98-99% effective if taken regularly. They may cause fewer
- Mini-Pills or
Progestogen-Only Pill (POP): It contains small amount of progestin
that blocks the sperm and prevents egg implantation.
Pill or Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill (COCP): It contains both
estrogen and progestogen. It stops
Patch: It is stuck on to the skin so that both the estrogen and
progestogen are continuously delivered to the body.
It releases a low dose of estrogen and
These are best if you do not want to
get pregnant again or for a few years and they do not affect breast-feeding
mothers. They are very effective. However, periods may be heavy and
Injection: It releases a progestogen hormone into the body. Its
effect lasts over a year.
Implant: It involves a minor operation under a local anesthetic by
which progestogen hormone is released into the body. It lasts up to 3
Contraceptive Device (IUCD): It is a plastic and copper
device that works mainly by stopping the egg and sperm from meeting,
and also prevents the implantation. It can be fitted for 5-10
- Intrauterine System
(IUS): It is inserted into the uterus and releases a slow dose of
progestogen for up to 5
C.Permanent Method of
involves an operation and is very effective if successful, but the process is
irreversible. This has no medical risks.
Sterilisation (Vasectomy): It stops sperm travelling from the testes.
It is easier and can be done under local
Sterilization: It prevents the egg to meet the sperm. It can be
surgical via tubal ligation or non-surgical via implants inserted into
fallopian tubes via your
How Effective Is
None of the above mentioned
methods is completely reliable. You have to keep a reminder if you are on the
contraceptive pills. You must be careful for the side-effects of the hormonal
methods. Finally, you can rely on sterilization only if you are absolutely sure
that you do not want to conceive any more.
If you are
breastfeeding mother, you CANNOT take birth control pills or emergency
contraceptive pills. It is always better to consult your gynecologist before
opting for any method of contraception after delivery. Your gynecologist will
suggest a proper contraceptive for you based on whether you are breastfeeding
Is breastfeeding a natural
method for preventing pregnancy? Which contraceptives are safe for new mothers
after delivery? Why is it not safe to take birth control pills after delivery?