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Anti-psychotics, anti-convulsants (for Epilepsy)

These drugs control excitement, agitation and other psychomotor disturbances in schizophrenic patients and reduces the manic phase of manic-depressive conditions. It is used to control hyper-kinetic states of aggression. The psychotropic action of these anti-convulsive and anti-epileptic agents helps the patient to become more sociable for easy integration in the society. It prevents paroxysmal attacks of pain in idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia. 

The risk of the mother with epilepsy giving birth to a baby with the abnormality is about three times that of the normal population.  Some of this risk is due to the anticonvulsant drugs taken.  Mothers taking more than one anticonvulsant drug might have a higher risk of having a baby with a malformation than mothers taking one drug.  Women taking these drugs who become pregnant should consider routine ultrasound and amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis of such abnormalities.  Overall, the risk of having an abnormal child is far outweighed by the dangers to the mother and fetus of uncontrolled convulsions. Therefore, anticonvulsants should be avoided during pregnancy.
 

Phenothiazines
Phenothiazines, when taken in high doses during late pregnancy could cause neurological disturbances in the child. 

Other antipsychotic drugs
Other antipsychotic drugs like lithium salts could enter the fetal circulation and cause disturbance of thyroid function of the newborn infant and malformations of the cardiovascular system.
 

Products: Chlorpromazine
For Children: Should not be used below six months
For Pregnant Women: Contra-indicated
For Breastfeeding Mothers: Not recommended
Contra-indications*: In chronic respiratory disease
Caution: Avoid skin drug contact


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