Honeybee - our best insect friend
Honeybees are essentially
social insects belonging to the Hymenoptera species. They are flower pollinators
and live in beehives, that are made of wax cells.
Three classes of honeybees
Food of honeybee
The food of honeybee is naturally
honey which is the nectar extracted from pollen grains of flowers. Bees
adapt their body structure in a way suitable for extraction of honey. They
produce honey by gathering nectar from the follower blossoms containing
more than 15 percent sugar content. The nectar is stored in a sac, to which digestive enzymes such as invertase are added, and the sucrose in the nectar gets converted to glucose and fructose. When the bee returns to the hive, it regurgitates the nectar and transfers it to another worker, who takes it to the honeycomb and evaporates it by fanning her wings. What is left, is honey! Once the honey is aged, the comb is sealed by wax to prevent spoiling.
What is honey?
Honey is a light yellowish
brown colour liquid, sweet in taste containing glucose. It is rich in proteins,
carbohydrates, minerals like calcium, phosphorous and iron, along with
Vitamin B and C.
Interesting facts about honey
Considering the medicinal
and nutritional qualities of honey, we can say that honeybees are the most
beautiful gifts of Nature to mankind.
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