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Women's Health Topics..

 
You are here : home > Women's Health > Problems Associated with Menopause > Changes in the Skeletal System (Osteoporosis)

Changes in the Skeletal System (Osteoporosis)

There are many changes in the skeleton of women after menopause. Women have increased risk of osteoporosis. This is due to de-mineralisation of bones.


What is osteoporosis?

Weakening of bones that causes them to become brittle and that may increase the risk of fracture is known as osteoporosis. It is also known as thinning of bones or bone loss. Due to this condition, the bones of hip, forearms and vertebrae in the spine are more susceptible to fracture. Even a minor injury may cause bones to break due to this condition. A person may have to undergo persistent pain in case of broken bone or fracture which may affect his or her ability to do normal activities properly. Women are more susceptible to this disorder during menopause due to the reduction in the production of oestrogen hormone.


Is there a risk of osteoporosis because of menopause?

Yes.  Approximately 50% of bone loss occurs in the first 5 to 7 years of menopause Thus, the risk of osteoporosis increases tremendously at menopause.
 

How does menopause affect the skeletal system (bones)?

De-mineralisation of bone is potentially the most serious long-term consequence of human menopause. Peak bone mass is reached in the third decade of life. Thereafter there is a progressive reduction in bone mass, with an accelerated loss following menopause.  The precise mechanism of bone loss is uncertain. There is an increase in bone turnover, which disrupts the remodelling process, with bone resorption exceeding formation.


What are the common symptoms of osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis cannot be merely diagnosed on the basis of symptoms. Many individuals are unaware of this condition prevailing in them until they get a bone fracture. Pain and reduction in height are some of the common symptoms that may be experienced by individual with this disorder.


What are the other causes of osteoporosis?


As mentioned above, decrease in the production of oestrogen can make women susceptible to osteoporosis. Inadequate intake of calcium and lack of Vitamin D can also be responsible for this disorder. Although, osteoporosis is common in women after menopause, it may also prevail in younger women who have stopped menstruating or are coping with disorders like anorexia.

Low testosterone levels in men can also be responsible for osteoporosis in them. Disorders like hyperparathyroidism which are responsible for the loss of calcium are also one of the common causes for osteoporosis. Low calcium is may affects the bone health thereby causing osteoporosis.

Other than the above mentioned causes, there are few more things that can give rise to this condition. Let us take a look at such causes.
  • Sedentary lifestyle

  • Certain medications

  • Thyroid problems

  • excessive smoking

  • Taking alcoholic drinks excessively

  • Certain disorders like cystic fibrosis or multiple myeloma

How to deal with osteoporosis?

Managing osteoporosis through medications is one of the traditional ways to deal with this disorder. Other than medications, following a correct exercise programme under the supervision of expert can also help to get relief. Other techniques like physiotherapy, massage, acupressure, acupuncture, using braces and support can also help to deal with osteoporosis. Breathing and relaxation techniques are also used in order to divert the attention from pain. In case if all of the above motioned remedies fail to provide the relief, surgery may be recommended by doctors.


What are the ways to prevent osteoporosis?

Let us take a look at the useful ways to prevent osteoporosis.
  • Include calcium rich foods in your diet. You can also take calcium supplements prescribed by your doctor.

  • Eat healthy, eat right! A diet having foods with low glycemic index is known to reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

  • Avoid aerated drinks.

  • Exercise regularly.

  • Practise stress management techniques.

  • Get yourself some morning sunlight if possible to get Vitamin D.
Getting your hormone levels regularly checked and following right remedies as per your doctor’s suggestion can also help to reduce the possibility of getting affected with osteoporosis.

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103 Comments
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Saira.7 years ago
why do women get irritated and go through depression during the phase of menopause?
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Shell.7 years ago
where is the article?
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Kate.7 years ago
having come off hrt after 10 years i have started hot flushes again. any advice?
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Jane Doe.7 years ago
menopause in itself has its purpose which i assume is to prevent an older woman from having children and not living long enough to care for the child. apparently our bodies have not yet evolved to catch up with the longer life span.it is my opinion that the side effects of menopause are a freak of nature and that if this were to happen to the male population, every government would spend millions in research to prevent the devasting effects --some of which are never even discussed and no one knows exists until it happens. hair, skin, nails, and particulary changes not only of the vaginal area, but of the vulva as well. if the males sexual organs were to shrivel up by the age of 50, i repeat, there would be a world wide panic for prevention.
 
 
 
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t.7 years ago
im 16 and get hot flushes daily and sometimes they last all day. am i going through menopause?
 
 
 
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june roberts.7 years ago
needs more info on herbal remadies
 
 
 
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Caroline.7 years ago
having just discontinued hrt, i am experiencing constant hot flushes. as i am visiting a sars affected region soon, if they taked my temperature when i am experiencing a hot flush (which is exactly like a rigor), will i be whisked away and confined to quarters until it becomes obvious that i don't have sars?
 
 
 
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Question on Clomid.7 years ago
i am taking clomid fertility drug for 3 / 4 months now and have sweating most nights - is this a side effect of clomid or might it be menopause. i am 40.
 
 
 
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Janet.7 years ago
in reply to "t" -
although not impossible, it would be extremely unlikely that you would be going through menopause at your age. there are other conditions that can cause excessive sweating. i suggest that you hav a word with your doctor, if only to put your mind at rest. all the best to you.
 
 
 
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wendy.7 years ago
i also have stopped hrt after 10yearsand have started hot flushes again.i am going to try and stick it out without going back on hrt.just hope it does'nt last to long .
 
 
 
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