Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile, thus they are at risk of fracture. Osteoporosis is due to reduction in bone mass, due to aging process. There are other symptoms associated with osteoporosis like stooped posture, chronic pain and disability. Know more about the causes and symptoms of this disease.
What is osteoporosis
Literally, it means "porous bone". Osteoporosis is a disease which makes bones fragile and easy to fracture;
and is mostly found in post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis is caused due
to a reduction in bone mass as age increases. Maximum bone mass occurs
between ages 20 and 30. After 30, bone mass gradually reduces.
In women after menopause, bone mass shrinks even faster. This increases
the risk of fracture.
Besides fractures, osteoporosis also
causes stooped posture, chronic pain and disability. It shows no
symptoms; it progresses painlessly until the bones become so fragile that
even routine activities (like coughing or hugging) cause a fracture.
In women, this disease is more common than stroke, heart attack and breast cancer combined.
What are the symptoms
of osteoporosis? How is it diagnosed?
Osteoporosis has no symptoms.
A woman can feel perfectly well today and have a hip fracture tomorrow.
Even x-rays reveal the disease only after it has reached advanced stage. Bone Mineral Density Test (BMT) or Bone Densitometry is a painless procedure
that diagnoses osteoporosis at an early stage when its development can be halted with effective treatment.
How does osteoporosis
affect the patient
Fractures of the hip, spine and wrist
are the most common consequences. Hip fracture is the most serious
since patients become unable to lead a normal life or move freely; often
they have to be admitted to a nursing home. When the spine is affected,
a simple action like bending to make the bed can be enough to cause a 'crush
fracture'. This causes humped back, decreased height and chronic
pain. A fall that would just sprain the average person, can easily
break one or more bones in somebody with severe osteoporosis.
Sorry. Due to our site's regulations and policies, your message has not been posted. Our moderating team has been notified about your message. If the message is found to be genuine and still did not get posted, you may not post the message again as it will automatically get posted for you within 24hrs time (excluding weekends).
- The Indiaparenting Team