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Women's Health Topics..

 
You are here : home > Women's Health > Breast Cancer > Treatment of Breast Cancer: Surgery and Chemotherapy

Treatment of Breast Cancer: Surgery and Chemotherapy


Surgery and chemotherapy are the options of treatment of breast cancer. Removal of affected breast by surgery is known as mastectomy. Surgery is performed only after a positive biopsy. Chemotherapy is prescribed at more advanced stages of the disease.

What is a mastectomy

A mastectomy is a breast removal operation. Over the years, there have been many points of view propounded regarding the extent of surgery required. 

The classical procedure was known as a radical mastectomy in which the entire affected breast, the chest muscles underneath, and the lymph nodes under the arm are removed. Most surgeons now agree that this is necessary only in rare cases. The standard operation for most breast cancers is now the modified radical mastectomy or the total mastectomy. In this procedure, the chest wall muscles are not removed.  The simple mastectomy involves the complete removal of the breast, but not the lymph nodes under the arms or the chest wall muscles. 
 

What is lumpectomy

Lumpectomy, otherwise known as a segmental mastectomy, involves the local removal of the tumor. In this procedure, only a portion of the breast is removed, including the cancer and a surrounding margin of breast tissue. 

Lumpectomy accompanied by removal of the underarm lymph nodes coupled with subsequent radiation therapy is the popular alternative to a modified radical mastectomy. Radiation therapy is used after surgery to eliminate any cancer cells that may remain.
 

When should you undergo surgery

Surgery can be performed immediately after a positive biopsy so that the patient can avoid having to undergo a second round of anaesthesia and another surgery. Nowadays, the trend is to have two separate surgeries so that the women have time to evaluate their treatment options and seek a second opinion if they so desire.
 

What is adjuvant therapy (chemotherapy)

This treatment involves the use of chemotherapy (anti-cancer drugs) and hormone therapy. The role of adjuvant therapy is the subject of much debate. This treatment is usually prescribed at more advanced stages of the disease. In the future, the use of early chemotherapy and hormone therapy may be an important factor in reducing the death rate from this disease.

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18 Comments
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Meenakshi.7 years ago
breast cancer is very common these days. its very important to go for regualr checkups to avoid it or atleast diagnose it in its first stage itself.
 
 
 
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Michelle.7 years ago
breast cancer isn't anything to joke about my mother had it and it wasn't very pretty. breast cancer is very common and if you go get checkups on it and to see if you have it you should be fine.
 
 
 
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Shea.7 years ago
i'm doing a report on breast cancer for my sixth grade class and so far on my reaserch it's a very sirious case.
 
 
 
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ashley.7 years ago
you can die from it.
 
 
 
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Jo Jo.7 years ago
its funny
 
 
 
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Sharon.7 years ago
it is very important to get a second or even a third opion.i had my brest removed several years ago. the doctor said that my lump had cancer tenducies. so he said the best thing to do was to have my breast removed. and to have kemo as well. at the time i was going through a seperation and was confused and frightened. but it all was done and after all the test came back it was determaned that i didn't have cancer. so make sure you have many oppinions.
 
 
 
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babitha.7 years ago
i have a daughter who is 3 yrs old.i breast feeded her for 7 months.but there is still some milk secretion in my breasts.will i get cancer
 
 
 
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fiza.7 years ago
breast cancer very dangerous. from it you can die. you must get checkups to avoid it.
 
 
 
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plunko.7 years ago
it herts
 
 
 
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gita.7 years ago
i was diagnosed with breast cancer 14 years ago at the age of 37. i am doing fine thanks to god and early detection. so please get screened. it really saves lives.
 
 
 
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