Estrogen is a female hormone responsible for female sexual development and reproductive function. It is found in greater amounts in females than males. Estrogen deficiency leads to menopause.
What is estrogen
Estrogen is commonly defined as "any family of steroid hormones that regulate and sustain female sexual development
and reproductive function". Estrogens are steroid hormones, made
primarily in the female ovaries and the male testes in humans and animals.
Known as the female hormones, estrogens are found in greater amounts in
females than males.
Why is estrogen important
These essential molecules influence
growth, development and behavior (puberty) regulate reproductive cycles
(menstruation, pregnancy) and affect many other body parts (bones, skin,
arteries, brain etc.)
Modern scientists also define estrogens
as materials that stimulate tissue growth by:
Promoting cell proliferation
DNA synthesis and cell division in female sex organs breasts, uterus)
Promoting hypertrophy or increasing
a cell size, such as which occurs in female breast and male muscle during
puberty and initiating synthesis of specific proteins.
The principal functions of estrogen
are to control and regulate the following: uterus and external sexual organs,
fallopian tubes, breasts, skeleton, protein deposition, bone density, metabolism
and fat deposition, hair distribution and skin.
What are the consequences
of estrogen deficiency
The major clinical consequences of
the post-menopausal period may be attributed to the estrogen deficiency.
The 'menopausal syndrome' refers to a group of physical and psychological
symptoms commonly experienced in the climacteric period due to estrogen
deficiency. But as these symptoms often predate menopause, they are
also a result of relative estrogen deficiency as well as to fluctuating
levels of ovarian hormones.
Sorry. Due to our site's regulations and policies, your message has not been posted. Our moderating team has been notified about your message. If the message is found to be genuine and still did not get posted, you may not post the message again as it will automatically get posted for you within 24hrs time (excluding weekends).
- The Indiaparenting Team