Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is the most dynamic character in India's struggle for freedom. Struggle of India's people was not only against the British rule. At that time the people also needed to be freed from the rude customs and traditions which led to exploitation. Also they need to be freed form the customs and traditions which led to the raise in concepts like untouchability.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar played an important role in the welfare of the downtrodden in India. He showed them a path which not only led to their development but also the development of India. Read on to know more about some facts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's life.
Birth of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891 to Bimabai and Ramji. He was the fourteenth and last child of his parents. He was born in Mhow which was a British founded town and military cantonment in Madhya Pradesh. He was named as Bhimrao by his parents. His family actually belonged to Ambavade town located in Maharashtra. However his family had to migrate towards Madhya Pradesh as his father was serving Indian Army at Mhow.
Studies of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar had to face lots of hardships to complete his education. However his strong will and dedication helped him to remove all the obstacles and complete his studies. He had to go through various social and financial obstacles. He faced lot of humiliation at his school as social discrimination was highly prevalent in India at that time. However, he did not give up his desire to learn and work hard. His father was a great source of inspiration for him to love learning and working hard.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar studied in the prestigious Columbia University in New York in 1913. The experience of studying in USA was very amazing and refreshing for him as he was away from the social discrimination and hardships resulting due to it. However, He did not get carried away with all these things. He studied for eighteen hours a day. He completed his M.A in two years and his main subjects were Economics and Sociology. The very next year of completion of his M.A, he completed his PhD thesis too.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's struggle against untouchability
After completing his studies he came back to India and got a job in Baroda Civil Service. Once again he had to face this worst Hindu system of humiliating untouchables. He decided to give a strong answer to this treatment given to untouchables.
His weekly publication Mooknayak was one of tools which he used to struggle against untouchability. He used this tool for criticizing traditional Hindu political leaders and practices of cast discrimination. He delivered various speeches to encourage the untouchables to fight against social discrimination.
He also started takings meetings known as Bahiskrit Hitakarani Sabha for the encouraging the welfare, education and social development of lower class. He also undertook massive movements to give rights to untouchables to share common source of drinking water with others and enter the temples.
Sculptor of Indian constitution
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar prepared the constitution of India which is world's largest democratic country. He prepared it with the help of his extensive knowledge about Economics, Law, Politics, Indian society and detailed study of constitutions of other countries.
Through his superior work he wanted to appeal Indians to become such a nation where caste does not create barrier to live a happier social life. All the Indians owe a lot to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar for receiving such a precious gift in the form of constitution. Today we can see a picture of India as a super power country. India is running successfully on the basis of this excellent constitution and the whole credit goes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's conversion to Buddhism
After Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar returned from a Buddhist conference in Sri Lanka in 1950, he addressed people in Bombay. He appealed all his people to follow Buddhism to put end to all their sufferings. He also decided to spend rest of his life in learning more about Buddhism and encouraging people to follow Buddhism. Therefore on 14th October 1956 he organised a ceremony where lakhs of people came and accepted Buddhism as their religion along with him.
One of the features of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's multidimensional character was that he had great love for books. His interest in reading was so deep that he could concentrate on reading even in crowded or very noisy places. He could read books even during having a normal discussion with his friends, family or colleagues. He was successful to put end to the sufferings of millions. He is a pure example and inspiration of hard work, dedication, commitment, love and humanity.
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