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Pregnancy Topics..

 
You are here : home > Pregnancy > The Normal Pregnancy > Antenatal Care

Antenatal Care

Antenatal care is very important for an overall healthy and hassle free pregnancy. It consists of visit to a gynecologist. Through antenatal visits, one can spot the problem, if any beforehand and thus they can be corrected.


Right antenatal care is extremely important for the healthy growth and development of the baby inside mother’s womb. It is also very crucial for having a healthy pregnancy and preventing complications during delivery. Let us find out all about antenatal care.


What is antenatal care?

Antenatal care is the consultations you have with your obstetrician about yourself and the baby during the nine months of pregnancy.  It is important that you make these visits regularly and from early on in your pregnancy. Your doctor will arrange to ensure you are properly cared for during the months leading up to your baby's birth.  At each visit, your doctor will help you, to spot possible problems before they start and to check that all is well with you and your baby.  Antenatal care may also involve visits to your doctor's surgery or health centre or to a hospital antenatal clinic.


What generally takes place during a visit to an obstetrician?

You will be given a number of different tests.  For example, you will be weighed to check how your baby is growing.  Your blood will be tested to make sure you are not anaemic and to find out your blood group.  You may also be examined internally to check that your womb and the baby are developing normally.  This is perfectly safe and nothing to worry about. Going to the clinic will also give you a good chance to discuss your questions and worries with experts.  Do not hesitate to ask them, however silly the question may seem.  It is better to make a list of what you want to ask before you go.


When to start with the antenatal care?

You should schedule an antenatal or prenatal visit at the earliest once you have missed your period. This shall ensure you have professional care ready whenever you need.


What happens during the first antenatal visit?

Your obstetrician can help plan your delivery and you can also trust him during your labour. Here are some details that your doctor might ask you:
  1. He may ask you about the last date of your period.

  2. He shall ask about your general health and if you had ever suffered from diseases like Rubella.

  3. He shall also ask about surgical histories if any.

  4. You shall be prepared with your family history like drinking or smoking or taking any other types of drugs.

  5. You shall also be asked about drugs for allergies that you had taken ever.

  6. Apart from this, your doctor will get your blood pressure checked during all your antenatal visits. Regular checks shall also ensure if your baby is getting all necessary nutrients.

  7. Antenatal care can help screening and prevention of complications such as intra uterine growth etc.

Physical Examination during Antenatal Visits
  • You shall be examined well in the initial stage, which shall help compare your baby's growth and developments through pregnancy.

  • After examining you shall get a rough estimate of the size of your pelvis. If you are around 5 feet, you shall have adequate space to give birth.

  • Your weight shall be checked to keep an account of your weight gain through pregnancy. Usually, you should gain around 12 kg in pregnancy.

  • If you tend to put on too much of weight, you shall be prescribed a low calorie diet by your obstetrician that is balanced with all nutrients.

  • Your blood pressure shall be measured regularly and compared with the next readings. Irregular blood pressure can signify plenty of problems during this time.

  • Your obstetrician shall also check your lungs and pulse rates.

Vital Investigations during Antenatal Visits

Your doctor shall suggest some vital investigations as part of the antenatal care. Take a look below.
  • You shall be suggested haemoglobin test to ensure you are not anaemic. The range from 11 to 13 is generally considered normal.

  • It is very essential to have knowledge about your blood group.

  • There shall be investigations for antibodies and the Rhesus factors. Rhesus compatibility of the child and the mother is highly essential. You shall be suggested different test for antibodies if your rhesus is negative. You shall also be asked to take necessary precautions during labour.

  • Blood tests shall be suggested to trace illnesses like Rubella, Herpes Simplex, Toxoplasmosis and Cytomegalo virus.

  • It is important to go for tests for the Hepatitis antigen. Apart from this, you shall be suggested other blood tests for sexually transmitted disease.

  • Urine examination on a routine basis shall help track possibilities of any urinary tract infection.

Prenatal Vitamins and Supplements

You obstetrician will prescribe prenatal vitamins and supplements to you. You need to take your vitamin and folic acid supplements daily as per his or her advice. Folic acid is meant to strengthen baby’s nervous system. Iron supplements too shall be prescribed to be taken by your obstetrician. Apart from this, you may also be asked to take multivitamin supplements, calcium along with a healthy diet. You need to take all the vitamins and supplements as per your doctor’s prescription.

While you may be anxious to spread the news of your pregnancy, you may wait for some time more and disclose to your very close friends only. Wish you all the very best!


What is the importance of antenatal care? What happens during the antenatal visits? When is the first antenatal visit scheduled? Discuss here.

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154 Comments
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priyal.7 years ago
i'm 27 yrs old girl very soon i'm getting married i have a some questions:
1. if u sex with ur partner very first time is there any chances to getting pregnant??
2.after completion of monthly period from that day (may be on 3rd or 4th day ) if u had sex with ur partner is there any chances to getting pregnant??
(i read somewhere after completion of period from that day upto seven days..betweeen these days if u had sex with ur partner pregnency chances are less
may be not coming.. its safe) can u tell me plzzzzzzzz.
3.its my personal problems means some white colourless sticky things (like water) or sometimes
white thick things coming out from my vagina..what all are this?? is this any dangerous problem to affect my future married life?? can u help me and give me some suggestion.
thnks
 
 
 
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carry.7 years ago
hi... i had sex and was having the pains in my stomach it did not fill like minstral pain but i started bleeding the next morning and was not suppose to star for another week or two.. can i be preganant i was told that bleeding was a sign of that..
 
 
 
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Tridisha.7 years ago
i am missing my periods for 20 days in this month.last month i had periods on 9th.my periods are delayed by 8-10 days. am i pregnent?i got a pregnency test 2 days ago.result is negative
 
 
 
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Hello.7 years ago
there is a test called velocit in india. it does not have any waiting time of 30 mins. please update.
 
 
 
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ananthi.7 years ago
60 days passed for me. but preg color card test shows the second line very light.what are the reasons?.i am taking hormone tablets. please advise in this regard
 
 
 
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SCARED.7 years ago
im not sure how along i am bu i took a test and i took 2 of then and they both said i was pregnant and i have pains in my lower stomach, as if it were constapation, but i havent been pregnant for 3 months is this normal or could i be having a miscarridge or could i have had one..
 
 
 
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Not Sure.7 years ago
i am not sure if i am pregnant or not. my fiance and i haven't done anything for two months. i am still- sort of- having my period. but i have all of the other symptoms.
 
 
 
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question.7 years ago
can i take a pregnancy test a week after having sex
 
 
 
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xyz.7 years ago
hi i had sex with my parner on the second dat of this month and i suppossed to get.but we had sex usind condomn and my periods are regular.yet i didnt receive my periods am i pregnent?
 
 
 
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Me.7 years ago
there is a home test called velocit by dr reddy's lab available in india - even the docs suggest that - the results can be seen within a minute although the kit says 5 mins....
 
 
 
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