A hemoglobin test is a must before planning
conception as it will determine the general health condition of would be
mother. A shortage of hemoglobin would affect the health of the pregnant woman
and also the developing baby. Read on to know more.
A hemoglobin test is very important when you are planning a
baby. This will reveal the amount of power or the potential of your red blood
cells to carry oxygen. The vitality of the test lies in the fact that the same
blood will be passing on to meet the requirements of the baby. This is because
he will be deriving the oxygen for survival from the blood that flows into him
through the placenta.
It is thus necessary that the mother has sufficient
hemoglobin in her blood stream to meet that demand. Generally, the expected
levels are between 12-14 grams. When the levels fall below 10 grams, doctors
consider the condition to be anemic and prescribe appropriate medication so
that the woman is in perfect condition to bear a baby.
Why is Hemoglobin
The blood derives its red colour due to the presence of
protein and this is called hemoglobin. It forms a bonding with the oxygen
present in the lungs and it gets transported to the entire body. After this it
gets released to the cells and tissues according to thier requirements. A
healthy hemoglobin level is required especially when you are planning a
pregnancy as you need to meet the requirements of both your body and your baby.
It becomes all the more important to maintain a proper level as most women tend
to become anemic during pregnancy due to various reasons. This is usually
caused as the red blood cell production suddenly plummets, or the RBC gets
destroyed thereby resulting in the total count of RBC in blood.
The Effects of Low
Even if the anemic condition is not very acute, the
individual tends to feel weak and fatigued throughout the entire day. It is
highly essential to maintain and check your hemoglobin levels as in extreme low
RBC count; the woman can suddenly lose consciousness and even die. The simple
reason is the lack of enough oxygen in the blood stream. Further if the woman
is pregnant, the situation becomes tough for the fetus as well. The sole source
of oxygen for the fetus is through the blood it receives from the mother. If it
receives too little oxygen, the normal development of the fetus is sure to get
affected. This can give rise to a whole lot of complications and negatively
impact the well being of the fetus.
Thus when the hemoglobin levels are checked before conception,
the doctor gets a chance to prescribe medicines and suggest appropriate diet
that will help the RBC count to rise to at least the normal level. The baseline
concentrations are very important. The testing is done well before conception,
after conception and during the various stages of the pregnancy. The doctors
compare them with the later readings or levels and study the changes to
determine whether it is a condition of progressive anemia.
How is the Hemoglobin
A sample of blood is drawn out with an injection from the
vein of the arm. Hemoglobin is often a part of a complete blood count test.
Here, not only the number of RBCs is counted, but the number of white blood
cells or WBCs are counted as well along with the platelet count. The hematocrit
levels are also checked that is the exact solid versus liquid constitution of
The doctor not only gets to know about the hemoglobin
levels but also the immunity levels and blood clot potential of the woman.
Accordingly he can prescribe medications so as to ensure a delivery of the baby
after a successful pregnancy term where the mother and baby are both in sound