Cystic-Fibrosis or CF is a genetic disorder
which is caused due to presence of abnormal genes. CF is a recessive genetic
disorder. The best way of treating genetic disorder is by way of prevention
through earlier screening. CF is not curable so screening both the parents for
the presence of abnormal gene before planning conception is the ideal way of
preventing cystic fibrosis. Sometimes CF is discovered in the developing fetus
and in such cases the best advice will be as per the doctorâ€™s consultation.
Read on to know more about the need for Cystic Fibrosis tests before planning
At the onset it is necessary to understand what
Cystic-Fibrosis or CF is all about. This is a lifelong disease that has the
potential to affect all the organs of the body. It initially affects the
breathing and digestive mechanism and does not render any impact on the
physical appearance or mental faculty of the affected person.
But CF can shorten
the life span of the individual. This makes it all the more important for women
to get their CF testing done before contemplating conception.
Since it can be successfully diagnosed in the early years of the childâ€™s life,
it is easier for the physicians to medicate the kid back to health. But keeping
in mind the acuteness of the negative impact, it is advisable to try to ensure
that the kid is born and lives a healthy life.
Cystic-Fibrosis is basically a genetic
disorder which has its roots in abnormal genes. The child gets this disease
when the genes are passed on from his parents. This is a recessive disorder and
when the child is born with it, it means that both its parents have had a copy
of the abnormal gene. Any parent can be the carrier of the abnormal gene and
this makes it important that both the parents undergo the Cystic-Fibrosis test
so as to ascertain that there is no likelihood of passing the genetic disorder
to their offspring.
When both the parents happen to be carriers of
Cystic-Fibrosis, the child has about 25% possibility of contacting the disease.
How is the
Cystic-Fibrosis Test Done?
The Cystic-Fibrosis finds out whether the individual is a
carrier or not and the test is conducted on a sample of blood or saliva. As
said earlier, it is very important to note that both the parents need to be
carriers in order for the child to develop this disease. So, the test needs to
be undertaken by both the mother and father. The CF test determines whether the
baby would contact the disease or is at a risk of developing the disease at a
later stage because one of his parents is a carrier.
If a parent is tested to be a carrier, it entails that he or
she has just one of the abnormal CF gene and does not display any
Cystic-Fibrosis symptom. So if one parent is a carrier, none of the offspring
are likely to develop this disease. But there is a fair chance that the child can
grow up to be a symptomless carrier later in his life.
Cystic-Fibrosis does not have any cure. Usually the results
of the tests
are obtained before planning of the conception and still there can be
situations where the doctor discovers that the developing fetus is having
Cystic-Fibrosis. The option then is to continue with the pregnancy.
The couple then needs to go with the fact that they have to raise a child with
Cystic-Fibrosis and therefore get themselves braced with all the relevant
medical and treatment options regarding the disease. The other option is to
terminate the pregnancy and this should always be after due consultation with
The severity and type of the symptoms of people having
Cystic-Fibrosis can be extremely varied. Usually people having Cystic-Fibrosis
produce dense, sticky mucus within their bodies. As the mucus gradually builds
up, they clog the lungs and the person finds it hard to breathe leading to
infection. At a later stage the digestive mechanism also gets affected and the
body is unable to absorb essential nutrients from daily diet. Further, most men
suffering from Cystic-Fibrosis, end up becoming sterile.
What Happens in Cystic-Fibrosis?