The diaphragm prevents the sperm from entering the uterus, thus preventing pregnancy. It provides protection against venereal diseases. Get more information on this method of birth control, read on.
The diaphragm is an old and trusted method of birth control. It is 85% effective. It is a dome-shaped rubber cup with a flexible rim that fits over the cervix and prevents the sperm from entering the uterus. You will need a prescription to get a diaphragm, as it has to be fitted to your size. The vagina expands slightly during intercourse. Thus, if the diaphragm is too small it may be dislodged, while one that is too large may be uncomfortable. The sexual position in which the diaphragm is most likely to get dislodged is when the woman is on top. You should try inserting the diaphragm for the first time with the doctor or nurse's guidance.
The diaphragm should be inserted before intercourse and should remain in place for atleast eight hours, but not more than twenty-four hours afterwards, else there is a chance of developing vaginal discharge or a uterine infection. It is advisable to apply additional cream or jelly before each time you have intercourse while the diaphragm is in place.
When you remove the diaphragm after use, you should wash it in mild soap and water, rinse and dry it well and soak up the moisture by powdering it with cornstarch. Check the diaphragm for holes every time you wash it. If you have gained or lost more than 5 kgs., or have had a baby, or a miscarriage, or an abortion, then you are likely to need a change in diaphragm size. You should get your diaphragm checked and replaced every two years irrespective of whether the size has changed or not.
The diaphragm has little or no effect on the sensation during sex. It provides moderate protection against venereal disease. Insertion and removal can be a messy process.