If the woman is sure that she does not have any more kids, sterilisation
is an option for her. This is a simple surgical method that is extremely simple as well. Sterilisation requires a very mild sedation and performed under the effect of a local anesthesia.
How is Sterilisation Performed?
This permanent female contraception
procedure is performed with the help of a tiny incision. The doctor makes it on the abdomen of the woman in order to reach the two fallopian tubes. He then blocks them off or simply cuts it. The purpose of the fallopian tubes is to carry the eggs produced by the ovaries into the uterus where the fertilisation
takes place when it comes in contact with the male sperm
Sterilisation is a very safe method that eases out all future worries about unwanted pregnancies. The decision is made after taking into consideration several other factors like her overall medical and health condition. Now when these fallopian tubes are blocked off or cut, the egg is effectively prevented from reaching the sperm, thereby preventing pregnancy
How Effective is Sterilisation?
This method is considered to be permanent and highly effective. However, one needs to understand that there are several other factors that determine its effectiveness in the long run. It has been observed that the pregnancy rates are significantly low and this actually directly depends on the manner in which the fallopian tubes are blocked.
Within the first year after the sterilisation operation is performed, just 0.5 cases of pregnancy have been reported in 100 women. If estimation is made based on this finding for say ten years, the figure will increase to 1.8 cases of pregnancy in every 100 women. This means that only one in every 55 women might get pregnant after a sterilisation surgery. Family planning experts consider this to be a very satisfactory result.
Post Partum Tubal Ligation
This is a medical term for the sterilisation operation performed just immediately after the delivery of a child. Doctors consider this procedure of sterilisation to be most effective compared to those performed otherwise. According to data, just 0.05 cases of pregnancy have been reported within the first year of this female contraceptive procedure in 100 women. This means that only one in two thousand woman might get pregnant.
The Advantages of Sterilisation
Have a quick look the advantages of sterilisation method of contraception.
- This female contraceptive method is highly effective
- This is a permanent method that requires just a single procedure. It is a successful family planning option that is extremely safe as well.
- The woman or the couple is not required to remember any medication dates; neither any other external supply is required. She also need not visit the clinic repeatedly.
- Sexual pleasure and intercourse remains unaffected. The woman can have sex as usual and normally.
- This procedure does not pose any health risk to the woman and there are also no long term side effects.
Disadvantages of Sterilisation
Have a quick look at the disadvantages of sterilisation method of contraception.
- After the surgical operation, the woman can experience moderate to acute pain. Under certain health conditions she might also experience several uncommon complications.
- At the site of incision, there can be bleeding, eventually leading to infection
- Bleeding and infection can take place internally as well leading to other complications. Such a situation is very rare.
- The internal organs in her abdomen might get injured.
- There can be a risk from anesthesia. During sedation or during the administering local anesthesia, there is a rare possibility of overdose or allergy.
- With general anesthesia recovery can be delayed and accompanied with certain other side effects.
- Reversal surgery is not really possible. Although it is attempted in some clinics, it is highly expensive and the success rate is also pretty low.
It is therefore important that the woman opts for this contraceptive method after serious thought. She should be sure that she will not want any child in future.