If a person is unable to reproduce naturally he or she is supposed to be coping with infertility. In fact, the inability to have a child when you want and plan is in itself a very disturbing condition. Read on to learn about the facts, myths and truths about infertility.
When a couple is unable to give birth to a child when they desire, they might be facing the problem of infertility. In fact, there are many aspects that work in making a woman pregnant and continuing with the pregnancy to give birth to a healthy child. All the situations cannot be related to infertility. So, you should be aware of the facts and myths that are related to infertility.
On the other hand medical science has also progressed a lot and today there are different types of infertility treatments and technical assistance that can help you to deal with infertility and give birth to a child even if you have any problem. For this you need to know about some of the myths and actual truths related to infertility.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Female Infertility
Here are some of the common signs and symptoms of infertility. However, all women coping with infertility may not show similar signs and symptoms. Some women may even be able to conceive naturally despite of experiencing the below mentioned signs and symptoms.
Heavy bleeding during periods.
Very light bleeding during periods.
Delayed or irregular menstruation.
Experiencing pain while having sex.
Low or no sex drive.
Increase in weight.
Growth of thick hair on lips, chin and chest.
The above mentioned symptoms are just few of the common symptoms and infertility may be caused due to many other factors also.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Male Infertility
Have a quick look at the signs and symptoms of male fertility. Just like females, all infertile males may not show all or any of these symptoms. Some men may be able to make women pregnant even if they are experiencing the below mentioned symptoms and there are many other factors which may cause infertility in men.
Absence of sexual desire or low sex drive.
Difficulties with ejaculation.
Swelling and tenderness in testicles.
Formation of lumps in testicles.
Pain in testicles.
Cause of Infertility in Women
There are several factors which can cause infertility in women. However, many women are able to get pregnant naturally or with right medical intervention even if they are coping with the below mentioned causes. There are many other factors responsible for infertility in women and sometime the causes are not know in which case the condition is known as ‘Unexplained Infertility’.
Poor habits like smoking, having alcoholic drinks and drugs.
Health issues like fibroids or PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome).
Medical conditions like blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.
Imbalance in thyroid like hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
Unhealthy eating habits and obesity.
Irregular menstruation and ovulation.
Unhealthy and stressful lifestyle.
Vaginal infections like Bacterial Vaginosis.
Causes of Infertility in Men
Here are some of the common causes of infertility in men. There many other reasons which can cause infertility in men and sometimes the reasons can be unknown. Some men can make women pregnant even if they are coping with the following cause of infertility.
Low sperm count or poor quality of sperms (Oligospermia).
Disability to produce sperms (Azoospermia).
Excessive smoking and intake of alcoholic drinks.
Stress and fatigue.
Medical condition called hyperprolactenemia which affects sperm production.
Medical condition called hypothyroidism.
Sexually transmitted diseases.
Intake of drugs.
Unhealthy eating habits.
Assisted Reproductive Techniques for Infertility Treatment
Have a quick look at the assisted reproductive techniques which are widely used for treating infertility problems.
IVF – In Vitro Fertilisation
IVF or In Vitro Fertilisation is an infertility treatment in which eggs and sperms of a couple are allowed to meet in the laboratory so that fertilisation of egg takes place externally. Fertilised eggs which become embryos are then transmitted in the uterus of woman. Women are given progesterone so that the lining of uterus is thickened and embryo gets implanted and conception takes place.
This procedure is carried out with the help of fertility drugs so that the chances of conception are increased. Sometimes eggs or sperms are also adopted depending on the kind of infertility problems faced by couples. At times womb renting or surrogacy is also chosen by many couples based on the infertility issues which they are facing.
IUI – Intrauterine Insemination
While carrying out IUI or Intrauterine Insemination, good quality sperms are selected and placed in the uterus when the ovulation takes place. This treatment is also carried out with the help of fertility drugs. This treatment is recommended when couples are facing problems like low sperm count, poor quality of sperms, premature ejaculation or when the couple is unable to have sex. This treatment is also chosen when the actual cause of infertility is not known. Just like IVF, carrying out this treatment may also require adopting eggs or sperms or surrogacy depending on the reason for the infertility in the couples.
Tips for Preventing Infertility
Here are some tips for couples to prevent infertility problems.
Avoid unhealthy habits like smoking, excessive intake of alcohol and drugs.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Avoid excessive intake of caffeinated drinks and food items.
Eat healthy and fertility boosting foods.
Take right measures to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
Have a quick look at the common myths related to infertility.
1. Infertility is a Rare Problem
On the contrary, recent studies have revealed that almost 10% of women find it difficult to either get pregnant or stay pregnant especially in developed countries. Depending on age and living conditions the figures are given. The data received from hospitals and healthcare centers say that 10 – 15% of women in childbearing age receive treatment for infertility every year.
2. Infertility is a Women Problem
This is one of the biggest myths related to infertility. Couples should be aware of the fact that causes of infertility are equally shared by male and female, both. However, sometimes there might be some other problem also.
3. Infertility Problems are More Psychological than Physical
The depression and frustration of not having a child can lead to psychological problems or worsen relationship of such couple, but the truth is that infertility is always due to some physical and internal problem. It certainly has a solution or explanation in medical science.
4. Age Has Nothing to do with Infertility
Age is no bar for getting pregnant because there is news of women in 40s and 50s getting pregnant. Well, the truth is that women get pregnant and are capable of giving birth to healthy child naturally before they cross the age of 42 – 43. Women who have become pregnant after this age have either used another woman’s egg or adopted an embryo for conception. Also, there are many health risks involved in these pregnancies.
5. Adopt a Child and You Will get Pregnant
Adoption is a good way to get rid of the feeling of childlessness but it is surely not a cure for infertility. Some women get pregnant after adoption of a child, but they may be because of the treatments going on or some external problems that were hampering conception like stress, depression and more.
6. Infertility Treatment Eases the Path of Second Child
In addition to above there are some couples who take infertility treatment during their first child and assume that it will be easy for them second time. Well, this is also not true always. There are certain conditions in men and women that need special care and medical attention during pregnancy. So, you should check this out with your doctor beforehand so that you do not get disappointed.
7. Infertility Treatments are Highly Expensive
Some couples believe that infertility treatments are very expensive and so they do not consult doctors or healthcare centers. Before having any kind of presumption it is advisable to consult your doctor and find out whether the treatment is really not affordable for you or it was simply your hesitation. However, you can plan and manage your finances or consult your health insurance company because sometimes they pay for infertility treatments also.
Moreover, dealing with infertility would be challenging, exhausting and perhaps frustrating also. You are sure to get some exciting, new and may be distressing experiences. Make sure you find right infertility doctors, nurses and counselors so that you get the right guidance to help you through this unfamiliar path. Talk to your primary health care provider or gynecologist so that you are introduced to truths and strategies appropriately and use it for the best for your child.
What are the causes of infertility in women? What are the causes of infertility in men? What is unexplained infertility? Discuss here.
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- The Indiaparenting Team