Surrogate pregnancy gives rise to many social, ethical and emotional issues. It is very difficult for the surrogate mothers to overcome the emotional issues associated with the pregnancy. Surrogate mothers may also have to face social stigma. Read on to know the ways of dealing with the ethical issues of surrogate pregnancy.
Surrogate pregnancy is considered to be the converse of
artificial insemination. Couples suffering from infertility problems resort to
this procedure where the husband donates his sperm to artificially inseminate
another woman who is willing to bear the embryo and complete the full term of
the pregnancy. She also agrees to handover the baby after its birth. This
entire procedure has turned out to be an attractive procedure for women who are
unable to give birth, and the women who volunteer to become surrogate mothers
are serving this pregnancy term in lieu of money.
The Issues of
There are many issues concerning surrogate
pregnancy as this is basically a sort of deal that has prominent commercial
aspect to it. This issues get further magnified and the situation often turn
out to be hugely compounded as the language that defines the dealing is rather
limited and restricted. These in fact come across as potential trouble spots
after the conception takes place and can escalate after the birth of the baby
or when the surrogate mother completes her full term of pregnancy. There are
expectations and fears that add on to the moral and legal implications.
Emotional Issues of
During this term of surrogacy, the couple who has decided to
obtain the services of a woman who is willing to bear their child undergoes a
whole lot of emotional upheavals. It often starts with frustration and
culminates into agony. The wife may fail to come in terms with the fact that
her husband is actually inseminating
another woman. She might get psychologically stressed
out in spite of the anticipation of becoming a mother. This can well create
problems in her relationship
with her spouse. The husband too might feel that he is lacking in faith in this
process. The crushing disappointments in relationships are the usual follow
thorough of surrogate pregnancy.
Social Stigma of
The recipient couple must face a withdrawn social attitude
after the birth of the baby.
Most people view this procedure as a sort of ‘baby bartering’. They are not
concerned about the possible reasons that compelled the couple to opt for this
alternative. This happens because at the end of it all, it is money that
decides the price of the service.
This again has another problem to it. The woman who has
consented to become a surrogate mother has to face a social stigma of offering
services similar to a prostitute. The process of artificial insemination is not
very commonly known amongst people. So there is a possibility that the woman
stands to live on the fringes of the society during and even after the delivery
of the child.
According to the findings of the various studies conducted
by social scientists, it has been observed that women opt for surrogate
pregnancy due to the following reasons:
in most cases, they are from the underprivileged class of the society,
they are naturally in need of money. This means that they are doing it for
- It has
also been observed that women who agree to surrogacy are fascinated with
the idea of having a child. They are thrilled by the process and the
entire chapter of pregnancy and motherhood gives them a sort of high.
- It can
also be the case that the woman who becomes a surrogate mother is
extremely compassionate and co-operative at heart. She feels the pain of
the other woman who cannot become a mother due to fertility issues and are
ready to help them experience the joys of motherhood by conceiving the
child on their behalf.
sentimental and maternal instinct provokes the woman to agree to surrogate