Surrogacy is a complex issue involving the
commissioning couple and the surrogate mother. There are certain criteria that
need to be fulfilled for choosing a woman for surrogacy. A comprehensive evaluation of the woman is
done before she is chosen for surrogacy. Read on to know about the criteria for
All surrogate pregnancies must be carried out under the
medical supervision of a registered clinic. Certain norms are followed that
makes the surrogate
pregnancy a smooth and safe one. This procedure is very important as the
lives of a lot of people are concerned with this infertility option.
The woman and her partner and immediate family who have
consented to become a surrogate mother and the couple who have commissioned the
surrogacy are the most affected people. Personal, family, surgical issues in
the family are aspects that need to be carefully recorded and monitored before
deciding to choose a woman for surrogacy.
Health Criteria for
Have a quick look at the health criteria for surrogate
Age - The age of
the surrogate should be between twenty-one to thirty five years. They ought to
be married with children. The deliveries should be normal and the babies born
should also be healthy.
Obstetric History -
A fair obstetric history is very important for a surrogate mother. It is
preferable if the woman has not undergone a number of miscarriages. Then during
the culmination of her previous pregnancies, it is also vital that there are no
cases of ante-natal, intra-natal and post-natal complications.
History - A thorough check of the surrogate’s blood transfusion history is
done. It is also important to ensure whether the woman is addicted to any drugs
or other habits that might render a negative impact on her surrogate pregnancy.
Along with woman and her partner is also made to undergo a stringent screening
for a wide array of infectious diseases like STDs (sexually transmitted
diseases), Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV and VDRL. A Thalassemia
check is also done.
- Pelvic sonography
is another medical aspect that needs to be taken care of. There are several
other tests that can ascertain the uterine receptivity status of the woman.
These are important tests that can assure success of the surrogate pregnancy.
In India, there is a practice of matching the ovulation
cycle of the genetic and the surrogate mother. For this the menstruation
dates of the two women are adjusted with the aid of oral contraceptive pills.
During the commencement of the cycle, the surrogate is administered estrogen
tablets so as to condition the uterus for pregnancy.
The Weight Issue
A balanced weight
is very important in the aspect of any pregnancy, even surrogate pregnancy.
Majority of the clinics allows the surrogate mother to be slightly overweight.
But there are certain clinics that never allow the lady to be overweight at any
given point of her pregnancy. It is always advisable to lose the extra flab
before going for surrogacy so that the pregnancy does not enter into any
complications. For overweight surrogates, a loss of 5% of the total body mass
can contribute a great deal.
Mental Health of
If the surrogate woman has a history of mental ailments, it
can be a deterrent in this commercial pregnancy aspect. If the woman happens to
be on medication or any sort of drugs for her mental ailments, chances for her
getting considered as a surrogate mother are very less.
For surrogacy, a woman who smokes does not happen to be a
natural choice. But if the genetic parents agree to it, there can be exceptions
to this rule too. Sometimes if the partner of the surrogate or any other member
of her family happens to smoke indoors, it exposes the fetus inside of the
harmful effects of second hand smoke.