Renting a womb or surrogacy has been in the
limelight for some years. India is a hot destination for renting womb due to
many favourable factors. There are many other facets of renting a womb that we
are still not aware of. Read on to get some insight into renting a womb.
There are a lot of social and psychological aspects that
define the concept of renting a womb.
The three most important ones are:
fact that the woman who has rented her womb relinquishes the child soon
after giving birth
biological mother or the commissioning couple receives the commissioned
Renting a Womb is a
Way of Creating Family
Renting a womb is very different from the manner in which
couples create families
This is a motherhood concept that has always attracted the
interest of people who are concerned with the theoretical, practical, and
psychological and the clinical aspects of it. There are a lot of ethical and
moral dilemmas in this concept as the commissioning couple wants the woman who
has rented her womb to initiate, gestate and deliver a baby
for them. They seek to obtain these services by compensating the woman
The other side of the story is that the woman who is renting
her womb voluntarily agrees to conceive, where she also agrees to a
predetermined agreement to relinquish the child and let it grow as a part of
her family. This gives rise to three prominent psycho-social concerns as well.
and Psychological Traits - There is a marked variability of the social
circumstances and psychological traits in the women who wish to rent their
womb. Every time it is not financial and even if it is financial the purpose
can be very different depending on the economic and social strata of the woman
and her family.
Thinking of Society
the Woman Belongs To - The population and the society that the woman who
agrees to become a surrogate belongs to, also play a vital role. This is
because it defines the acceptance of the condition and more so in a
conservative setup. It inevitably renders a deep impact on the well being of the
woman carrying the child.
Surrogate and Biological Mother - The entire process does not end with just
the nine months of pregnancy.
The period before and after the nine months is equally important. This is for
the simple reason that the surrogate mother and the offspring will get affected
by it. The family of the woman who has rented her womb is her moral, social and
emotional support in such a crucial decision. Any upheaval in this setup can
result in chaotic representation that can spell legal and other emotion hassles
for the surrogate and the biological mother.
The Parenthood Issue
There are several accepted laws and discourses on
parenthood. In the process of renting of womb, some important biological facts
have been left out. For instance –
gestation and delivery of the child does not happen in the biological
So under these discourses, the parents or the couple where
the woman is renting her womb becomes the mother as her chromosomes are
involved, even though her eggs are not.
This is considered to be a new reality under the social and
medical terminology. This is a confusion clouding the chromosomal parenthood. A
woman who rents out her womb is not considered to be the real mother as
according to mutual agreement or on the basis of predetermined contract. But if
one goes by the gestational, that is the biological and genetic terms, even the
legal terms that define motherhood, she happens to be the real mother of the