A proper screening procedure is to be followed
for selecting an egg donor as healthy egg will result in successful conception.
Various tests are conducted on the prospective egg donor to rule out any
problems. All these tests are aimed at getting the best egg. Here is a brief on
the selection procedure for egg donor.
When a commissioning couple decides to select an egg donor,
they can employ several processes to obtain the right person.
can be carried over the phone.
- They can
ask the woman to fill in an application.
from acquaintances and clinics can also be considered.
Then after a woman is selected as the egg
donor she is expected to clear a few medical and psychological tests. During
and after the screening process, the prospective egg donor is made aware of the
various procedures and possible risks involved with the egg donation process.
Screening an Egg Donor
Given below are the brief details of the screening process.
This is basically a physical examination which includes a
thorough pelvic test as well. The hormone levels are checked through a blood
test. The status of the uterus, ovaries and the other associated pelvic organs
are checked through the Ultrasound. It can be noted here that the ultrasound in
this case does not involve X-rays but is done through sound waves. If the egg
donor has any dormant health problem, it can be reveled through this test.
All these tests are followed by a thorough medical and
psychological documentation of the prospective egg donor along with her close
blood relatives, and also her husband or partner.
Smoking, Alcohol and
Drug Addiction - Information is gathered pertaining to her habits with cigarettes
Details of prescription and illegal drugs are also questioned and examined. The
fertility clinic are often found to conduct unscheduled drug tests after the
screening or just prior to the donation process, so as to ensure all safety for
the embryo and the actual mother.
Infectious Diseases - Screening is also conducted for infectious diseases.
The pelvic examination is conducted by taking a tiny scrape from the cervix and
tested for Chlamydia
Tests for syphilis, Hepatitis B and C along with HTLV-1,
which is a virus causing certain cancers are tested through the collection of
Screening for Genetic Diseases - Screenings
for genetic and inherited diseases are also carried out. It is important to
ensure that the baby is not born with any birth defects. It is checked whether
the donor has herself, her near blood relatives like siblings or any of her
children were born with birth defects like cleft lips, spina bifida or any type
of heart defect. It is checked whether the donor is a carrier of genetic
disorders like Huntington's disease, hemophilia, Tay Sachs disease or sickle
The egg donor should be in a stable relationship and not suffered from
physical, emotional and sexual abuse. She should not have considerable stress
in her life. Finally it is vital that the woman gets a thorough understanding
of the egg donation process.
Screening for HIV Infection
Certain aspects of sexual habits and other factors that expose the risk of
infection of HIV are checked.
Apart from the regular HIV test, it is also important to ensure that the
donor is not exposed to the risk. The woman is barred from donating her eggs if
she has injected certain drugs or had been engaged in prostitution within the
past five years.
If the woman has undergone an acupuncture treatment, done a tattoo or body
piercing that have suspect sterile procedures, or have been diagnosed with
syphilis in the past year, she cannot be considered as an egg donor.
If the woman had over one sexual partner over the last six months, she
becomes ineligible as an egg donor.