IVF procedure is a comprehensive procedure. The
success rate of IVF procedure depends on each step in the process and more
specifically on egg retrieval procedure. How eggs are retrieved from the ovary
of a woman? When can the eggs be retrieved? Get answers to all your queries
related to egg retrieval process answered; read on.
When a couple decides to undergo an IVF procedure, they
naturally feel excited about the prospect of becoming a parent after a patient
wait and perhaps struggle. They also have very high hopes about the possible
results too. Here it is important that they get a complete overview of one of
the most vital part of the IVF
procedure, that is, the egg retrieval part. The embryos that is required
for implantation ought to be fit and healthy. For this, quite a few ripe and
mature eggs are required to be retrieved from the ovaries of the woman. This is
basically a prerequisite factor as regards the success of the IVF procedure.
Egg Retrieval in a
This is a comprehensive process where the eggs from the
ovary of the woman are removed medically. The eggs are then brought in contact
with the sperm
of the male in the laboratory; the process is termed as fertilisation. In order
to bring about successful egg retrieval, the process of the follicle production
in the woman requires stimulation. This is again brought about with the aid of
The follicles are actually the potential eggs and after the
desired or the required number is produced, the eggs are removed from the
ovaries for the fertilisation process. This is done in the fertility specialist
clinic. After a successful fertilisation,
these eggs are then transferred back into the uterus of the woman. It is indeed
a complex process that might require multiple attempts as success may not be
guaranteed at the very first attempt.
Some Facts about the
The egg follicles are sacs filled with fluids that are to be
found within the two ovaries of the woman. When a girl child is born, she has
millions of egg follicles within her and each of them has an immature egg at
their center. As the girl grows each month, multiple follicles also begin to
develop simultaneously within her. This is brought about by the action of
Amongst them, the follicle that happens to be the healthiest attracts the
follicle stimulating hormone or FSH. The pituitary gland secretes this hormone
and it brings about the breakage of the follicle and the egg is released. The
follicles die off after a while. This entire process is termed as ovulation.
How The Follicular
Development Is Stimulated?
In order to enhance the success rate of the IVF procedure,
more than a single mature egg is required to be retrieved. The reproductive
endocrinologist comes to the fore at this juncture and removes all the
available healthy follicles from the ovaries of the woman. These multiple eggs
are then sent for fertilisation. This process entails that the woman must have
her follicles stimulated in an artificial fashion.
Certain medications are used to aid this stimulation
process. The medications can either be oral or administered through subcutaneous
injections for a period of approximately ten days. The development of the
follicles occurs through the administration of:
One needs to be very careful about the timing in this IVF
process. If the follicles happen to get overdeveloped, the egg inside it also
becomes over-matured and may not result in effective fertilisation. The
follicles are removed by the process of follicular aspiration through the
insertion of a hollow needle through the vagina. The entire process takes place
through transvaginal ultrasound. This retrieved egg is now ready for fertilisation
and embryo transfer.