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Child's Healthcare Topics..

You are here : home > Child's Healthcare > Childhood illnesses and medical conditions > Chicken Pox (Varicella)

Chicken Pox (Varicella)

How is chicken pox caused and transmitted

Chicken pox is a disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. Unless they have had chicken pox before, anyone can contract the disease, i.e. children, adolescents and adults.

The disease is highly contagious, spreading through the air or by direct contact. The virus attacks the mucous tissues. Consequently, the disease is easily transmitted through droplets of mucous secretions from the respiratory tract while coughing or sneezing. It can also be transmitted to a person who has been in direct contact with a dirty handkerchief or the varicella lesions.

In most people, the incubation period ranges from 13 to 17 days. A person is most contagious for two days after the appearance of the rash and continues to be for about five days. Usually, it is safe for children to go back to school by the sixth day.

What are the symptoms of chicken pox

The typical sign of chicken pox is an irritating, itchy rash that starts on the trunk and slowly spreads over the face, including the scalp, mouth and ears, and also the upper arms and legs. Scabs form over the lesions after four or five days and may stay for one or two weeks after which they drop off. In addition, children may also develop fever, chills, nausea and vomiting.

How can this illness be treated

There is no specific treatment for this disease. However, it is imperative that you stop your child from scratching the spots. If she scratches the spots, the scabs may come off leaving the wounds open to infection and scarring. Apply calamine lotion at regular intervals to alleviate the itching and keep your child's nails short to minimize the risk of infection.


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Rishab.4 years ago
In South India, we use neem leaves to alleviate the itching.
Shamina.8 years ago
my son had got chicken pox at the age of 4. the marks have still not gone? is there anyway, to remove those marks?
apply neem leaves and turmeric powder paste on the marks.
chicken oxsp.8 years ago
possible to get a reaction from a chicken pox vaccine 3 weeks after shot?
saraswathy.8 years ago
apply vitamin e oil
LeeLaa.8 years ago
vzv is a serious virus. it can easily escalate into something more serious. ensure your child's nails are clipped as strep a infection can occur if the child itches with dirty nails. watch fevers if they are over 101.

Sajit.8 years ago
application of sandalwood oil ( and not the paste ) right from the first day of appearance of rash till the fall of scabs helps prevent the pox marks.
application of vitamin e oil over the skin has a healing effect.
honey smeared over the skin will help in healing the disease.
lukewarm water baths with neem leaves helps in relieving itching.
a bath of oatmeal is considered a natural remedy to relieve the itch due to chicken pox.
jenny pordon.8 years ago
i would like to ask how to remove the marks of chicken pox... what are the medicine can help to avoid the chicken pox mark all around the body can you please email me at
jenny pordon.8 years ago
hi again i am now 21 years old.. it is possible to remove the chicken pox mark and scars for how long... it is applicable to apply the oloe vera? what is the fastest way to remove the mark.. can you plz help me ...
Doctor Morgan.8 years ago
to releve chickenpox prepare a bath with the following:
salt lots of it
bicab of soda half a cup
detox a cap full
tea tree oil pure essence a few drops.
administer an antihistamine.
send to bed after giving vitamin c 500ml.
hey presto no itching + fast recovery.
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