Infertility in females can be caused due to several factors. Getting pregnancy is possible only after the infertility treatment. The treatment depends on the cause of infertility in females. Read on to know about the possible causes of infertility in females.
There are many causes of infertility
in females. Some of these causes can be treated with the help of medicines,
surgery and lifestyle changes. In cases where the cause of infertility is not
treatable, pregnancy can only be achieved with the help of Surrogacy or donor
The major causes of infertility in females are
- Problems of the fallopian tubes
- Issues related to the uterus
Issues Related to Ovulation
One in every five women having problems
in conceiving naturally will have issues pertaining to ovulation. These
- Hypothalmic anovulation â€“ due to over exercising, stress
and/or weight loss.
- Hormonal problems like inability to produce mature eggs
because of malfunctioning of the hypothalamusor the pituitary gland.
- Hyperprolactinemia resulting in raised levels of prolactin,
a pituitary hormone
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
- Unruptured follicle syndrome.
- Scarred Ovaries -due to extensive surgeries or exposure to
- Premature Menopause as a result of which ovaries stop
Problems of the Fallopian Tubes
Fallopian tubes can get affected due to
Infection - Infection
like tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases
Diseases - Abdominal diseases like appendicitis and colitis which result in
inflammation of the abdominal cavity. This can in turn affect the fallopian
tubes and lead to scarring and blockage.
Pregnancy - Ectopic
pregnancy which occurs in the fallopian tube itself is
a life-threatening condition. Often this kind of pregnancy causes tubal damage
which cannot be reversed.
Abdominal Surgery - Surgery of the pelvic or abdominal organs can cause
adhesions that alter the tubes in such a way that eggs are unable to pass through
Hydrosalpinx is a specific kind of fallopian
tube blockage in which the tube is obstructed near its
fimbrial end. Fallopian tube in such cases gets filled with clear watery fluid.
Pyosalpinx - Pyosalpinx
is a condition in which the blocked tube is acutely inflamed and becomes filled
with pus. Sometimes with the help of antibiotics it is possible to treat this
condition. Otherwise it may rupture and form an abscess in the pelvis for which
surgery may be required for removal.
fibroids can impair conception and cause infertility issues
imbalance in the body can alter the consistency of the cervical mucus thereby
preventing swimming of sperm to reach the fallopian tubes.
Endometriosis is a condition in which there is
excessive growth of endometrium or the lining of the uterus. The excessive
growth may occur in the uterus, abdomen, fallopian tubes, ovaries and the
pelvic peritoneum. Endometriosis can normally be diagnosed with the help of
laparoscopy. Symptoms of this condition include heavy, painful menstrual
periods, urgency to urinate, rectal bleeding and premenstrual spotting.
Normal endometriotic spots or cysts which affect
natural conception can be removed with the help of hormonal treatment or
surgery. Severe cases of endometriosis may be difficult to treat as a result of
which the woman in question may have to undergo IUI or IVF treatment to have a
The above listed are some of the major causes of infertility
in women. Some of the other related factors which can impact the ability of a
woman to conceive naturally include:
Age- fertility in women drops drastically after the age
History of sexually transmitted disease or multiple
Lifestyle factors like obesity, stress and smoking
Diabetes, thyroid and epilepsy.